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CMI Online Mediterranean Refugees Knowledge Base

By the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI): This knowledge base aims at highlighting the socio-economic challenges faced by refugees and host communities in the heavily affected Middle East and Turkey, as well as Europe and North Africa. It offers evidence-based analyses, innovative actions and solutions to develop more effective responses to the refugee crisis. These are essential to boosting actors’ capacities in order to work towards the common welfare of refugees and host communities.
 
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Facts and Figures
Spotlights: Events
In the News
Spotlights: Innovative Actions
Responses tothe Crisis
Resources and Publications

 
Facts and Figures
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Inter-Agency Information Sharing Portal on the Middle East, North Africa and Turkey

By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): This web portal presents updated information on Syrians registered in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and North Africa.
 
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Regional Overview: Refugees/ Migrants in the Mediterranean

By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): Increasing numbers of refugees and migrants take their chances abroad unseaworthy boats to reach Europe.
 
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Migration Flows in Europe

By the International Organization for Migration (IOM): Migrants and refugees continue to arrive in Europe. Some of them also continue to die at sea. This map gives an overview of latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean.
 
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International Migration Outlook 2016

By the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), September 2016: This infographic provides a brief overview of recent trends in migration flows to OECD countries.
 
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Spotlights: Events
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Peer-to-Peer Learning Workshop for Host Municipalities on Solid Waste Management

Bethlehem, Palestine, 26-27 October: In line with the conclusions of the Peer-to-Peer Learning Workshop for Municipalities Hosting Refugees (Amman, Jordan, May 30-June 1, 2016) and in support to the CMI Host Municipalities Network, this first technical workshop on Solid Waste Management (SWM) for Municipalities Hosting Refugees offered Palestinian, Jordanian, Turkish, Iraqi and Lebanese municipal representatives a place to exchange on how to improve local service delivery in the field of SWM. Participants also benefited from a field visit to the Al Minya landfill and the Yatta regional dumpsite in Palestine. A parallel webinar was organized for those who could not attend the event in person. Event jointly organized by the CMI and the World Bank.

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Peer-to-Peer Learning Workshop for Host Municipalities on Social Cohesion

Sanliurfa, Turkey, 10-12 November: Following the outcomes of the Peer-to-Peer Learning Workshop for Municipalities Hosting Refugees (Amman, Jordan, May 30-June 1, 2016) and in support to the CMI Host Municipalities Network, the second technical workshop for Municipalities Hosting Refugees focused on Social Cohesion. The workshop was organized back to back UCLG-MEWA Summit on Migration Management and  offered Turkish, Jordanian and Lebanese municipal representatives a place to exchange on how to improve social cohesion among communities hosting refugees. Participants also benefited from two field visits to the IMPR Community Center in Sanliurfa, Turkey and the Peace and Arts Center in Gaziantep, Turkey. Event organized by the CMI and the German Technical Cooperation Agency (GIZ).

 
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Resilience-Building Week: a Bridge from Concepts to Evidence

Amman, Jordan, 25-27 October, 2016: The objective of this event was to take stock of the implementation of the resilience agenda in the sub-region by identifying key good practices, lessons, challenges and opportunities, and stimulate regional knowledge sharing to better prepare for the next generation of crisis response. Event organized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Governments of Canada and Finland.

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Fragility and Conflict: Addressing the Causes and Consequences

Washington DC, United States, 7 October 2016: This session discussed how countries can mitigate fragility, conflict and violence across different contexts. The session highlighted relevant insights from the World Bank Group and other stakeholders on addressing the short and long-term development challenges in fragile and conflict situations. Event organized by the World Bank Group.

 
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New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

New-York City, United States, 19 September, 2016: World leaders came together at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly to adopt the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants expressing their commitment to protect the rights of refugees and migrants, to save lives and to share responsibility for large movements on a global scale. Event organized by the UN.

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Adoption of a New Urban Agenda

Quito, Ecuador, 17-20 October, 2016: The Habitat III Conference led to the adoption of a New Urban Agenda—an action-oriented document which set global standards of achievement in sustainable urban development. A particular attention is given to refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons, and migrants, regardless of migration status by focusing on respect for human rights and humane treatment, fight against discrimination, potential contributions to the economy and access to decent work and livelihood opportunities in cities and human settlements.

 
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In the News
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Mediterranean Death Toll Soars, 2016 is Deadliest Year Yet

By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 25 October, 2016: With two months still to go, deaths of refugees and migrants crossing the Mediterranean hit all-time high.

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Following the Refugees: New Global Concessional Financing Facility

By the World Bank, 4 October, 2016: Middle income countries host around six million refugees worldwide but struggle to afford the costs of refugee influxes. The newly launched Global Concessional Financing Facility aims to close this gap by providing concessional financing for, and facilitating a coordinated international response to, refugee crises in middle income countries across the globe.

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300$ million to Improve Employment Opportunities for Jordanians and Syrian Refugees

By the World Bank, 27 September, 2016: A US$300 million World Bank Group program will support Jordan’s efforts to improve the investment climate, attract investors, reform the country’s labor market and grant access to the Syrian labor force to contribute to Jordan’s economic growth. The Economic Opportunities for Jordanians and Syrian Refugees Program will support trade facilitation and investment promotion especially in existing special economic zones and foster Jordanian and Syrian entrepreneurship activities.

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One Hundred Thousand Children will Benefit from Expanded Access to Public Schools in Lebanon

By the World Bank, 27 September, 2016: A US$224 million Program will provide access to and enhance the quality of the Lebanese public education system. One hundred thousand additional Lebanese children and Syrian refugees between ages 3-18 will be enrolled over the lifetime of the Program. The World Bank Group’s board of directors approved today the “Support to Reaching All Children with Education (RACE 2)” which includes a US$100 million funding by the International Development Association (IDA), at rates normally reserved for low-income countries.

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Spotlight: Innovative Actions
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Refugees in Jordan: Earning an Income Through Cash for Work

By the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), 4 October, 2016: In Za’atari refugee camp in Jordan, GIZ is helping residents earn some income while also managing waste. This project is implemented together with Oxfam.

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Solar Lighting and Sustainable Energy in Azraq Camp

By the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Innovation (UNHCR Innovation), September 2016: The NRC is providing Syrian refugees in Azraq Camp with electricity course to learn how to install solar panels while UNHCR is providing solar-powered streetlights to the camp, making the energy and lightening on the camp side environmentally friendly and self-sustaining.

Innovative App-Based Technology to Respond to the Garbage Crisis in Lebanon

By ACTED, 8 September, 2016: This pilot program, launched by ACTED, is designed to encourage residents to recycle their waste, and to allow the municipality to decrease the volume of waste by giving their sorted recycled waste to a local NGO, L’Ecoute. 600 families including Syrian refugees and Lebanese host communities will benefit from this program.

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Improving Refugees’ Lives in Za’atari Camp

By United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Innovation (UNHCR Innovation), September 2016: UNHCR is working on improving refugees’ lives in Za’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan by enabling refugee entrepreneurs to shift the development of the camp and by greening the camp with community gardens.

Refugees Assistance and Information System (RAIS)

By United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Innovation (UNHCR Innovation), September 2016: RAIS is a web-based tool allowing project officers on the ground to access and update information on any given refugee and the assistance they have received. Initially launched in Jordan, the tool is now also active in Egypt and Lebanon. To date, RAIS is being used by more than 200 implementing and operational partners and has already helped to help over 1.6 million displaced people within the 3 countries.

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“Host Municipalities Network / شبكة البلديات المضيفة “.

The network is designed to offer a privileged space for municipalities hosting refugees to exchange and learn from each other’s experiences and best practices to ensure the common welfare of host communities, based on the dynamics that emerged during the workshop. It will be facilitated by the Center for Mediterranean Integration, as part of the Mediterranean refugees and host communities program.

Responses to the Crisis
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European Council Agrees Way Forward for Compacts with Jordan and Lebanon

By the European Council, 17 October, 2016: The Council agreed on a way forward for the partnership priorities and compacts with Jordan (for the period 2016-2018) and with Lebanon (for the period 2016-2020). The aim is to strengthen the economies of the two countries and increase job opportunities for Syrian refugees through increased protection, access to employment and quality education.

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Regional Fair Migration Project in the Middle East (FAIRWAY)

By the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), October 2016: This project promotes fair migration, including fair recruitment, and contributes to combating forced labour and trafficking for labour exploitation in the Middle East.

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Europe/Mediterranean Migration Response: Situation Report

By the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 22 September, 2016: This situation report provides a brief overview of the situation in Europe and in the Mediterranean and highlights the work accomplished by IOM in those region to help cope with the influx of refugees.

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Final Approval of the European Border and Coast Guard

By the European Council, 14 September, 2016: The Council gave its final approval to the European border and coast guard. Its main role is to help provide integrated border management at the external borders. It will ensure the effective management of migration flows and provide a high level of security for the EU. 

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Responding to the Syrian Crisis in Lebanon: Collaboration Between Aid Agencies and Local Governance Structures

By Marwa Boustani, Estella Carpi, Hayat Gebara, Yara Mourad, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), September 2016: This paper argues that humanitarians will only be able to ensure their responses are sustainable and meet needs on the ground if they work closely with local authorities.

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Resources and Publications
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Forcibly Displaced: Toward a Development Approach Supporting Refugees, the Internally Displaced, and their Hosts

By the World Bank Group, 15 September, 2016: This study conducted in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) examines the role of development in resolving the challenge of forced displacement. It responds to the growing need to better manage these crises as an important development challenge, part of an overall effort to reduce poverty and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. The aim of development support is to address the longer term, social and economic dimensions of displacement, in close collaboration with humanitarian and other partners working in complementary ways.

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International Migration Outlook 2016

By the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 19 September, 2016: This report analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-OECD countries, and looks at the evolution of the labour market outcomes of recent immigrants in OECD countries. The report includes two special chapters: “The economic impact of migration: Why the local level matters” and "International migration following environmental and geopolitical shocks: How can OECD countries respond?", as well as country notes and a statistical annex.

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The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa

By the International Monetary Fund (IMF), 16 September, 2016: This paper raises awareness on the economic costs of conflicts on the countries directly involved and on their neighbors. It argues that appropriate macroeconomic policies can help mitigate the impact of conflicts in the short term, and that fostering higher and more inclusive growth can help address some of the root causes of conflicts over the long term.

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Refugees’ Right to Work and Access to Labor Markets

By Roger Zetter and Héloïse Ruaudel, Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD), September 2016: Based on a sample of 20 countries hosting 70 percent of the world’s refugees, this study investigates the role and impact of the principle determinants of the right to work and labor market access: refugee and employment law, policies and practices that facilitate or constrain the right to work, and mediating socioeconomic conditions.

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Missing Out: Refugee Education in Crisis

By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), September, 2016: This report tells the stories of some of the world’s six million refugee children and adolescents under UNHCR’s mandate who are of primary and secondary school-going age between 5 and 17. In addition, it looks at the educational aspirations of refugee youth eager to continue learning after secondary education.

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Finding Economic Opportunity in the City: Lessons from IRC’s Cash and Livelihoods Programmes in Lebanon and Jordan

By the International Rescue Committee (IRC), August 2016: This report underlines the importance of programming that promotes economic wellbeing, with a particular focus on cash assistance, livelihoods support programming and highlights linkages between the two. It also shines a spotlight on the various opportunities and challenges that urban areas present for the achievement of long-term economic self-reliance for the most vulnerable city dwellers, while providing insight on how humanitarians may leverage the former and address the latter.

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If you wish to contribute to the upcoming issue, please send your contribution to: refugees@cmimarseille.org. Kindly note that due to the large number of submissions, the editorial team reserves the right to select submissions to be featured in each issue.  

This newsletter is produced every two months by the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) as part of its Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program. It is based on a desk review and presents a selection of updates, publications and events pertaining to the refugee crisis in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. 

Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of CMI. This newsletter contains hypertext links to other sites. The CMI assumes no responsibility for those sites.
The Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) is a multi-partner platform where development agencies, Governments, local authorities and civil society from around the Mediterranean convene in order to exchange knowledge, discuss public policies, and identify the solutions needed to address key challenges facing the Mediterranean region. Members of the CMI include Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Tunisia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, City of Marseille, the European Investment Bank and the World Bank Group. 
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Janette Uhlmann (Ph.D)
Senior Program Officer
 
Center for Mediterranean Integration
The World Bank - Marseille Office
Phone: +33 4 9199 2462
Tieline: 5790+2462
Email: juhlmann@worldbank.org
Copyright © 2016 Center for Mediterranean Integration, All rights reserved.


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