Summary of Scientology
Chapter 2b
Second parts of chapter entitled 

The Mechanics of Two-Way Communication
Cycle of Two-Way Communication
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The Mechanics of Two-Way Communication

An individual likes to be understood and to understand others. He can make himself be understood and he can understand others to the degree he can communicate and has people to communicate with. Most people only intuitively manage to communicate with others and due to many centuries of inadequate human communication in the culture, they only have a few people they know with whom they feel that understanding can be shared. There is a shortage of understanding because of lack of knowledge and ability. If a person can learn to communicate adequately with another then, as a rule, he will also be able to communicate to many others. That is, as he can really handle two-way communication, he can subsequently handle larger spheres of communication. When two-way communication has occurred in the  past it has been haphazard, but with the discovery and codification of the laws of two-way communication arises the means by which any person can really share understanding with anyone he wishes to. There is a set of mechanics of two-way communication, which, when applied with a further understanding of the component parts of communication, bring about understanding. If individuals can learn to communicate with each other to a fully satisfactory degree, then groups and nations and all mankind can one day share understanding and work as a team to solve the problems beyond man.

There is actually a full cycle of two-way communication which, when used, will almost automatically create good two-way communication. People rarely communicate with each other as they might; that is, they rarely get into good two-way communication. Two-way communication is the interchange of knowingness between two life forms. Two-way communication implies shared comprehension (duplication and agreement). Necessary to shared comprehension are the previously mentioned component parts of communication. There are many, many individuals who feel that they know or have known only a very few people who have really understood them. This indicates the scarcity of good two-way communication between people. However, in any two-way communication system, there is a set of mechanics, which when known, understood and used, will increase the degree of shared comprehension.

Good two-way communication requires origination of a communication, the receipt of it, the answer to it and the acknowledgement of the answer by the originator. John says, " It's a beautiful day," to Mary. Mary receives this by hearing it. She then, having received the statement, answers by saying, " I think so, too ". John acknowledges her answer by saying "Good ", or possibly by just smiling. Most people fail to achieve or maintain good two-way communication because they do not :

  1. Originate communications

  2. Receive communications

  3. Answer communications

  4. Acknowledge communications.

Thus far only half of the full cycle of two-way communication has been described. The full cycle of two-way communication is as follows : John originates to Mary. Mary receives. Mary then answers. John acknowledges her answer. This, is one-half of the cycle. It becomes complete when John and Mary switch roles and Mary originates. John receives and John answers. Then Mary acknowledges John's answer. This completes the full cycle of two-way communication. This cycle constitutes the mechanics of two-way communication. When any part of it is omitted, then two-way communication is lessened. The, individual can communicate effectively with others as he is consciously able to originate, receive, answer and acknowledge. Many Scientological processes are designed to increase a person's ability in each of the four parts of two-way communication.

Cycle of Two-Way Communication

  1. This is one-half of the cycle :

John originates • —> • Mary receives

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John acknowledges • <— • Mary answers

      2. The cycle is completed when :

John receives • <— • Mary originates

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John answers • —> • Mary acknowledges

As people grow older they tend to originate fewer and fewer communications. Of course, some people also compulsively originate communications, but this happens much less often in comparison. Non-originators have perhaps been physically or emotionally hurt by originating communications and so it is safer to let other people do the originating. Rather than originate communications of their own, they wait for books, television sets, radios, friends, enemies, and everything else in the universe to originate communication. In other words, they become dependent on exterior sources of communication. The person who does not originate communication is unwilling or unable, for whatever reason, to originate communications. Perhaps he went to the university and was brought to believe that only books and authorities can originate ideas and so depends on them. This brings us to the Cause component of the communication formula. Cause is that which is willing and able to emanate a communication from a source point. John decides to say something and has his body, as the source point, say it. Or, perhaps he is a singer who makes a master recording which is then the source point for all the copies made from it, even though John as cause is not present. People tend to either inhibit themselves in originating or they become compulsive originators, in which case they are seldom capable of receiving, answering, or acknowledging answers. Therefore, it is important to rehabilitate a person's ability to originate if communication is to be improved.

The greater number of people in Western culture are, however, compulsively receiving communications. There is no scarcity of received communications, whether desirable or undesirable. Of course, if one desires a very specialized form of communication, such as a letter from a particular friend, then he might feel there is a shortage. Nonetheless, the individual is constantly bombarded with communications through all avenues of perception. He receives communications through his eyes, his ears, his skin, his nose, his mouth, and so on. Particularly in this day of modern communication systems such as radio, telephone and television, the individual is virtually always being provided with externally originated communications, which for the most part cannot be reciprocated by giving an answer which will be received. So, he becomes a constant effect without being able to answer, and eventually goes into apathy in his ability to answer. Consider it this way : If you were asked a question by a friend who then walked away before you could answer and he did this several hundred times, how would you feel about answering him? People do reach a point where they depend on outside sources for originated communication which they can only receive and not answer.

Another example of receipt without answers is the person who asks something and before an answer can be given goes on to ask another question and continues doing this. After a while, the listener either gives up or goes away. In other words, what two-way communication? Whenever any part of the mechanics of two-way communication is consistently violated there is very poor, if any, two-way communication.

Perhaps the most important part of the cycle is acknowledgement. The person who does answer likes to know that his answer has been received and understood by the person who originated the communication. An answer in this case does not only refer to a reply to a question. It means a communication which is given in reply to an originated communication. If a person does answer an originated communication he will feel somehow frustrated if his reply is ignored.

The person who originates communication expects an answer. If he does not get it, and he considers that it is important to have an answer, he will try again. If he fails to get answers to his communications, he will soon think that there is something wrong and finally will think that there is a mystery. For example, Mary calls to John who is in the other room. " John." No answer. She calls again, "John ! " No. answer. She calls again, louder, " JOHN ! " Still no answer. Let us assume, that for some reason, she cannot go into John's room. She begins to wonder this time what the trouble is. So she pounds on the door, " John . . . John . . . please answer me . . . JOHN ! " She had predicted originally that John -would answer and he didn't. She probably will feel confused and then will be certain that there is some mystery involved . . . and, in fact, the absence of an answer becomes a specialized sort of mystery, a secret. That's all a secret is, the absence of an answer. Whenever a person originates communications and consistenly fails to get answers he soon becomes convinced that everything is a mystery and that he must find the secret. Unless he himself is capable of creating and placing at the receipt point an acceptable answer to receive back, he soon becomes convinced that everything is a secret. Thus one finds that the quiet person who never originates communications has failed to get a sufficient number of satisfactory answers in the past and so has gone into apathy. Perhaps he has gotten too many undesirable replies because he postulated only a certain kind of answer and got everything else instead which he would not accept as an answer. Perhaps he said to his mother " I like you " and she slapped his face or went away. When this happens enough times the person doesn't wish to say anything. Or perhaps the person compulsively originates and never lets anything or anyone answer; this type has become convinced that there are no other answers than his own and at least his own answers are safe. These are only a few possibilities. One can no doubt understand that it is rather difficult to communicate with someone who either never says anything on his, own or who insists on saying everything. A person should be freely-able to originate or not in order to bring about the satisfactory sharing of comprehension which approaches good two-way communication. Therefore, anything which can be done to improve a person's ability to originate or to not originate at will can benefit him.

The ability to answer also decreases as one lives. The individual is addressed by an outside source who then ignores or rejects the individual's answer. Perhaps he is punished for answering and so comes to the point where he feels that it's safer not to answer and then people won't know he's there. Communication becomes aberrated when it is restricted or there is a fear of restriction, particularly when force, pain and the threat of pain are the seeming cause of the restriction.

Further, a person may have an inability to answer because he has continually and constantly agreed that answers can only come from exterior sources. A person with a large shortage of answers will be convinced that the universe holds vast secrets and that there are many mysteries. What is a secret? Again, it is the answer which was never given. This can be illustrated by the person who asks another a question and who expects that the person asked will know the answer. When the answer is not given the one who asked will begin to think that the other person is deliberately keeping it a secret.

A person who does not answer originated communications may have his own communication lines so tangled that the original communication takes a long time even to arrive. This is the kind of person who carefully repeats someone else's statement or question before answering. When he does this, the original communication is just beginning to arrive. Perhaps, it never arrives. Or, if it does, by the time the answer reaches the point where it can be stated it is no longer necessary. The word aberrate means to make something diverge from a straight line. The more effective communication is, the straighter is the line it travels through. If one were travelling from New York to London and he unknowingly travelled via South America to Australia to the South Pole to South Africa to India to Russia to London when his intention was to travel directly, this would be aberration. Many people have reached this point of compulsive detouring in their answers. In two-way communication, the originator must create an understandable communication in order to receive an answer. As the answerer can easily and knowingly answer the question directly the communication will be good.

The ability of the originator to acknowledge the answers given him is also extremely important. That which is not acknowledged persists, quite often in an undesirable form. For instance, John asks Mary where she is going. She turns around and answers, " to the store," only to discover that John has gone into the other room. He again asks her where she is going. She goes in to tell him and says " To the store ". But he is now on the telephone. He hangs up and then asks her where she is going. She says, impatiently, " To the store ! " But John is busy staring fixedly at a fly on the wall. She is not likely to. answer him if he should ask again, or she may very well originate a forceful comment of her own like, "Why don't you listen to me when I answer? " If John, in turn, then refuses to answer, then communication really falls apart.

Communication failures, such as arguments, arise out of a failure in the cycle of two-way communication. When there are insufficient originations, answers and acknowledgements then misunderstanding follows. A basic rule of communication is that any communication is better than none. In two-way communication any origination, any answer and any acknowledgement is better than none, and when there is an abundance of all these factors then there must inevitably be good communication. Communication makes affinity and agreement possible. Even two people shouting at each other, if they continue shouting at each other, will eventually end up by observing the mechanics of two-way communication and will achieve shared understanding. If they stop communicating, then no understanding is possible. Without communication there is no civilization. Without communication there is no life. To the degree that man is able to communicate he is able to understand and make himself understood. Like the skills of reading and writing, as one learns the skill of applying the mechanics of two-way communication he will be capable of good two-way communication much more than those who do not know these mechanics. The person who can read or write has an advantage over those who cannot. The person who can skilfully use the mechanics of two-way communication also has a large advantage over those who cannot. Further information on these mechanics and on other aspects of communication can be found in Dianetics, 1955, as listed in the bibliography. However, before going on to an explanation of affinity and reality, we will now discuss another important part of communication. The communication lag.

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Leo Swart has dropped the body.
I just got the following message from Leo's wife, Candy.

"Hi Ant,  this is Candy here.   Sad news.  Leo died on Wednesday 21st during emergency surgery for his aorta."

There are a couple of introductions which he wrote for Books Weekly which you will find on the members page. There is interesting material there.

Here is a short biography I made from that material and which he approved for the opening of his Tech Dictionary (it is not yet published but on my "urgent" waiting-list).

All best wishes, Ant.


Short biography of Leo Swart:

Who is Leo Swart?

[Proposed Introductory page to Leo's dictionary as amended by Leo]

In 1969/70 Leo came into Scientology in Cape Town and completed the Hubbard Standard Dianetics Course as his first action. After joining staff in August of 1970 he successfully confronted the peculiar ethics and ethnic atmosphere of "Church" of Scientology of those years, including being thrown out a few times yet always making his way back in again. He got huge personal gains from Scientology tech and devoted an enormous amount of time and dedication to auditor training and worked on staff technical posts in Cape Town and Johannesburg as well as doing some courses at Flag while it was still on the Apollo. He trained and interned on every technical course that was available in South Africa at the time.

In the mid-1980, during a period when he was separated from the Church Scientology, he came across the Free Zone (FriScientology) through the cassette tapes of John Zegel (this of course was before Internet, when airmail cassette tapes were a more common form of international communication). David Mayo (in USA) had established his Advanced Ability Center (AAC) in Santa Barbara (USA) and Leo worked at the Johannesburg branch for 10 years until it closed.

He is now resident in New Zealand.
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Message to ACE regarding Leo
All best wishes, Antony.
Here should have been a painting of a church surrounded by trees. Get to see it by clicking the link at the very top of this letter.
Church IoW  by Leonard Dunn

P.S. The highest purpose in Ron's universe was (apparently) to create an effect.
A high purpose in my universes seems be to help.
And in Putin's universe?
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