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Summary of Scientology
Chapter I
A New Understanding of Life
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Chapter One

SCIENTOLOGY

A NEW UNDERSTANDING OF LIFE

Scientology is a study of life, of science, and of knowing. The field of Scientology includes a methodology through which the individual can increase his ability, his awareness, and his self-determination. Scientology can be defined as both a theoretical and an applied science which particularly deals with communication.

Scientology is the consideration and use of the knowledge, structures and functions of humanity toward the understanding and development of man in his ultimate state. These are the beginnings of a description concerning Scientology and the remainder of this book is intended to clarify and develop the reader's knowledge of the subject.

Scientology contains an understanding of communication itself which cannot at this time be found anywhere else. The techniques of Scientology derived from the understanding of communication make possible increased degrees of understanding and ability within any person upon whom the processes of Scientology are applied. Through communication, understanding can be achieved. When understanding increases so does freedom, ability and wisdom.

The general field of psychotherapy differs from Scientology to a very marked degree. The general field of psychotherapy, as defined here, includes psychiatry, psychology, psychoanalysis and hypnosis. These fields have therapy as their primary goal. Scientology has the increase of ability and understanding as its primary goal. This can be emphasised by saying that a science, in dealing with man can work on three levels :

  1. The Rehabilitative level which is primarily that of healing and with which psychiatry, psychology, psychoanalysis and hypnosis are chiefly concerned. Scientology can deal with all forms of psychosomatic illness but this is not the goal of Scientology as such.

  2. The Developmental level which deals with the development and increase of already existing abilities.

  3. The Creative level which involves the creation and development of new abilities and further extensions of understanding.

Scientology can and does handle all three levels, but the primary stress is on level two and three. The more able a person is, the more capable he is of understanding and the easier it is for him to increase the abilities he does have and to create new abilities. In a sense, ability is like money; the more one has the easier it becomes to acquire more. And, unlike money, ability has the advantage of being untaxable. Able people become more able much more swiftly than those who are neurotic, sick, insane or disabled. Anyone who is glad that he is neurotic is either a fool, or has not found any adequate means of releasing his neurosis. And, while many people are counselled to " adjust " to their condition, this is only an optimum answer when a better solution is not available. Yet the philosophy of adjustment is a philosophy of apathy. Scientology provides the means by which a person can discard his neurosis rather than adjust to it. Is there a person who would prefer to adjust to a howling hallucination, to an apathy proposed in the absence of workable techniques, when he could simply, through Scientology, lose the hallucination?

The goals of Scientology include a saner world; one without mental institutions, prisons and the more ugly problems of present humanity, such as juvenile delinquency, Communism, drug addiction and alcoholism. Scientologists work toward a world in which men cheerfully and willingly work together as fully free individuals able to co-operate toward the increased understanding and improvement of themselves, the race and the universe. These may seem large goals, but what man is happy without worthwhile goals? The man without goals is dead, if not physically then spiritually. Scientology has large goals and the means by which they can be accomplished, yet worthwhile goals require able people to accomplish them. And so, Scientology is primarily interested in increasing the ability of those who are already able. If a change toward the better is to be achieved rapidly in the society, then it can most effectively be done through increasing the ability and understanding of those who already have a large say in the affairs of the world; i.e. the able people.

Scientology was born of necessity. It was born out of the need for an applicable science of human engineering in a society where technological developments had far outstripped man's social development and understanding, of himself and his fellow man. Many social thinkers and philosophers have said that man's social development has not kept pace with his mechanical genius and have lamented this fact . . . particularly since the development of nuclear weapons.

Scientology and its predecessor, Dianetics, is the first major 20th century effort to discover a greater understanding of man himself and of life through a study of man and life. The study, of course, has included an effort to create better means of bringing each individual to a higher level of understanding and ability. Constant research on the part of many people has provided the information necessary to the development of increasingly better techniques by which to increase intelligence, change personality, awareness, energy and to create a higher degree of sanity than has been heretofore possible.

The founder of Scientology is L. Ron Hubbard who is the driving genius responsible for the larger bulk of research, investigation and codification which have brought Scientology to its present level of workability. He was born in Tilden, Nebraska, U.S.A. in 1911. As the son of a naval officer he travelled extensively through his late childhood and adolescence. He lived in the Orient during most of his adolescence. In Northern China and in India he became intensely curious about the composition of and the destiny of man. When he returned to the U.S.A. he attended George Washington University where he was trained as an engineer and was one of the first men to study in the field now known as nuclear physics. This wedding of Eastern perception with Western Science increased his curiosity and he proceeded to explore many previously unexplored parts of the world: During World War II he continued his research into the nature of man and life even while recovering from serious injuries sustained in the war. He had formulated some of the basic axioms of Scientology in 1935. He attempted to interest the medical and psychiatric professions in his observations but they failed to respond. However, after the war, the results of his work did interest many. He supported himself and his work through writing fiction. Finally he was pressured into writing a popular treatise on Scientology which was published in May 1950 as Dianetics, The Modern Science of Mental Health. Dianetics concerned itself mainly with the curative and healing aspects of Scientology. The book presented a series of complex techniques designed to return health and sanity to the individual. The book swept America and headed best seller lists for months, although it had little advertising or promotion. People responded rapidly when they discovered for the first time a rational approach to the human mind which stated that something could effectively be accomplished without the use of brain surgery, shock therapy, drugs or hypnosis and which did not take years in the doing. However, the techniques of Dianetics required too much skill and knowledge for adequate application by most individuals, so Hubbard turned back to Scientology to develop a further understanding of life itself and to create better techniques which could be easily taught and uniformly applied with predictable results. Since 1950, Hubbard has continued his research and investigations aided by the thousands of people who had become involved with Dianetics and who had seen what it could do. He had trained many people personally and had realized that the communication of the subject itself and the training methods employed to teach them were vital in the duplication and understanding of the subject. Constantly seeking simpler and faster methods of improving human capability, Hubbard developed also better methods of communicating Scientology and the application of the processes. He discovered many of the common denominators of human response and developed means of developing them within the individual. His books are listed in the bibliography and must be read if one wishes a full understanding of the subject and a thorough study of them is necessary if the use of Scientology is intended.

Dr. Hubbard is a brilliant, dynamic and tremendously friendly man. He maintains communication with Scientologists all over the world. The practitioners of Scientology are commonly known as " auditors ". They send him reports of the work they have done so that he has a constant stream of information which, with his own research, helps make possible a continuing development and refinement of both theory and technique. Today, Scientology can predictably increase intelligent quotients and change personality factors in a very few hours to mention only very partially what it can do for most individuals.

The ability to change is essential to survival and so Scientology and Dr. Hubbard and the people in Scientology have undergone much change in the past few years, but through all stresses Dr. Hubbard had continued to improve the science and its efficacy. Any field which is growing changes and while many people have felt that too many changes occurred too swiftly in Scientology, they have failed to realize the vast increase in its workability. Dr. Hubbard feels that the development of nuclear weapons provides an absolute necessity for a swiftly workable science of man.

I wish to state that L. Ron Hubbard is, in my opinion, one of the great geniuses of the 20th century and that his discoveries will make possible a new era of living for man. The .reader might conclude that I am blindly overawed by Dr. Hubbard, but I challenge the reader thoroughly, and I mean thoroughly, to investigate Scientology before discounting this opinion. There are far too many people who have passed judgment on Scientology because they calmly accepted someone else's opinion without any investigation. To reject Scientology without personal investigation would be like rejecting new Cadillac without ever having seen or having driven one simply because a friend or an " authority " said it was no good. One word of warning though : If you become interested in Scientology you will never again be the same. You will find greater and greater living ability and understanding and each new dawn will bring new creation.

Scientology has as one of its goals the increase and creation of ability within the individual. The techniques of Scientology are called " processes " and are applicable to both groups and individuals. Other purposes of processing include the creation of greater freedom within and for the individual, a greater freedom of choice and a larger degree of self-determination. These will be explained more fully in a later chapter.

Today is a time for greater communication and understanding among men. This will not happen by sheer coincidence nor will it happen through law or force or war. Sudden changes in a society are rarely stable changes. For example, Russia had a revolution but within a very short time the country was still pursuing the same goals . . . goals it had held for many centuries. Further, the treatment of enemies to Russia is the same under the Communists as it was under the Czars with the added refinements of modern brain-washing. When change is attempted through the application of force or law it tends to fail; and the condition it attempts to remedy usually persists much longer than it might have otherwise. The American War between the States certainly illustrates this point. Any stable gain toward the better in any group or country must of necessity come willingly from within the individuals of which that group or country is cormposed. Through greater understanding on the part of more and more individuals comes a fuller and freer life for all. And so Scientology concerns itself with the rehabilitation, development and creation of ability and understanding within the normal individual. What is normal? The psychologists and psychiatrists cannot agree on what constitutes normality and even if they could they would then make normality the goal rather than a direction to grow from.

Neither can educators, philosophers nor anthropologists agree on any satisfactory definition of normality. The field of psychology attempts to determine "normal" through the measurement of characteristics held by large groups of people and consider normality by locating the average. This is a fundamental error in that it leads toward the effort to be normal by being average. Worse, it leads to the creation of a common level of mediocrity rather than toward a goal of continuing improvement for the individual and, subsequently, the group. If the goal is to be normal by being average, then a person is frowned upon if he isn't up to the average and rejected if he is above it. I have worked with many, many people who deliberately pretended to be a lot more average than they really were in order to be socially accepted. To illustrate this, there are a good many schools in Los Angeles, California for the subnormal but only one (or possibly two by now) for the above normal child. The children who get extra attention are the subnormals. This makes it seem that there are definite advantages to stupidity when one is taken care of if he is subnormal and left to fend for himself if he is intelligent and capable. Approval and attention mean a lot to a child.

Rather than create a standard of normality, Scientology has another method of measurement to determine the level of the individual. We look at how well a person is surviving. Scientology has a gradient scale of survival called the Tone Scale. A gradient scale is a means of showing the degree of something, like a thermometer which is a gradient scale between, for example, freezing and boiling. The tone scale rates a person in terms of the degree to which he is successfully surviving in terms of himself, his family, his job and group and the whole of man. Death is the zero point of the tone scale because a person is obviously not surviving if he is dead. Above death is unconsciousness, and above this is catatonia, and above this is apathy and so on. The Tone Scale will be described at greater length in a later chapter. However, it can be said here that a person can be rather accurately placed on this scale of relative survival. The Tone Scale is based on the observation of many hundreds of cases and is a remarkably accurate measuring device when understood.

The Tone Scale is based on survival because one of the basic assumptions of Scientology is that the dynamic principle of life is survival. If one observes life forms, no matter of what shape or size, he will see that they seek to survive. Whether one watches a colony of ants, a group of cells under a microscope, a porpoise or any other life form, one will see that it seeks to survive. If one looks for a common denominator of life, he can observe that survival is certainly one of them. Man, as a life form, also seeks to survive. As he survives successfully, he finds or creates pleasure; and, as he fails to survive successfully he experiences pain, unconsciousness and, finally, death. Health and sanity can be measured in terms of successful survival. For a life form, death is obviously the end of survival and, above death as a person becomes increasingly alive he becomes healthier and happier. As the individual approaches death, he falls into physical illness, neurosis, insanity, criminality, unconsciousness and other undesired states. Life can rarely be measured in terms of black and white, however, so that one can observe a gradient scale of survival, and when a person is surviving more than he is succumbing he is what can be considered normal".

However, this then places the " norm " of Scientology far above presently accepted standards of normality. In this world of tension and fear, people accept ulcers, heart trouble, cancer and the various ills of man as necessary evils of civilization. This is nonsense; it merely indicates the lack of understanding of man. Would one prefer to think that ill-health and emotional tension are conditions which must be calmly accepted as normal?

Let us consider a minimum level of normal function for man. The human body is one of the finest carbon-oxygen engines yet created on this planet. It should function with little, if any, illness and with a high degree of efficiency. Moreover, what should the normal person be? First, in terms of his body he should have the ability to start or stop or change any of its motions either internally or externally. He certainly should have the ability to use the voluntary muscles at will and move with whatever degree of precision he desires or requires. He should also have the ability, if required, to control the so-called involuntary system, the automatic functions of breathing, heart rate, endocrine balance, etc. The individual should have the ability to create volitionally any emotion and to control fully all habit patterns. Secondly, in terms of the individual himself, he should be able to imagine creatively without limitation, and yet with the knowledge that he is imagining. He certainly should have the ability to recall selectively at will anything the body has experienced from the moment of conception and also the ability to forget at will. The normal person should fully control his ability to decide, to change his mind, to understand, to communicate and to create whatever personality he wishes to use at any given moment and be able to use it. He certainly should be capable of understanding everything he perceives through the body and he should be capable of making himself understood to whatever or to whomever he wishes to communicate.

These are only minimum capabilities which man should have. Yet, to many people, these are possibilities they have never even imagined. The above can be achieved through the processes of Scientology and yet are only the bare beginnings of the abilities of which man is capable. The average person today, in terms of the level of ability and understanding of which he is capable, is about as able as the newborn infant is to today's adult. And if the above were only goals they would certainly be good ones, and men will only achieve what they postulate and subsequently make into reality. It is far better to reach for the stars than for nothing or little because a man is as healthy as he has ideas, dreams and goals.

Psychotherapy, has tended to consider normality as the absence of excessive illness or extreme behavior. As a result it has tended to create means by which people could be made welll. Yet, what goals are there for one whose health is reasonably good and who has no particular abnormal characteristic of behavior? To show the limitations of only treating subnormality, one can consider an analogy. If one took a large litter of dogs and then attempted to find out just how much dogs could do by placing the majority of attention and research on the sickly or small ones then one might only achieve very limited observations compared to the result obtained by total observation. In Scientology, however, unlike the behaviorist school of psychology, we are more interested in studying man as a whole than trying to study man by observing guinea pigs or rats. Our assumption is that man can best be understood through a study of man, not animals.

Although Scientology begins with a study of life, it had to go beyond life itself as research continued. The scientific method includes the observation of all phenomena. To occlude or to ignore phenomena, particularly consistently observed phenomena, constitutes insincerity. If there is any such thing as a scientific sin it is the occlusion or ignoring of observed data in order to preserve one's theory or fixed ideas. If the theory does not include that which is observed then the theory is wrong and should be discarded or reconsidered. And so, in Scientology, we have discovered that a human being is more than just a collection of mud who is so constituted through a chain of fantastic coincidences. It has been established through observation, and experience that man is, as himself and not as his body, an immortal being; that he does not possess a soul—HE IS THE SOUL. This has been established with certainty and not through belief. Belief is essentially the acceptance of an opinion from others without direct experience. Certainty arises from self-knowledge and experience and is far superior to belief. The reader is not asked to believe that man is immortal, rather he is asked to discover it for himself with certainty and not with the easy acceptance of shrouded mystery or mystic mumbo-jumbo! An understanding of man and life must include all aspects of life and beingness. The fact that man is, as himself, immortal does not make life less livable or worthwhile. To the contrary, the future becomes endlessly beautiful through knowing immortality. The sceptics have always said " prove " it to those who claimed that man is immortal. Scientology can prove it. One point, however, must be made clear. Scientology does not have any intention of altering any individual's religious faith or sect. Further, it is more likely to increase the individual's reality on his own particular understanding of religion. The goal is not to change a person's religious activities but rather through the certainty of his own immortality make it possible for the individual to be free to understand it better.

Christ said that man should have the three following characteristics : (1) Good health; (2) Wisdom; and (3) Immortality. Scientology can bring the realization of immortality to the individual through communication, and from the knowingness of immortality spring both good health and wisdom. Communication is the key to understanding and the universal solvent through which any goal can be accomplished. Scientology, through processing, increases the individual's ability to communicate with himself, other people, and all aspects of living in the universe in which he lives. Where any misunderstanding, confusion, or unknown condition exists, there is an insufficient degree of communication. Without communication there is no understanding and as communication is created and becomes complete, so understanding becomes complete.

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