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Since October 15th, I am very happy and proud to be the new Director of the CRIDS for the next 3 years. 
First of all, I would like to thank Professor Alexandre De Streel, former CRIDS Director for the last six years.  Among other things, he has enabled the integration of the CRIDS into the Namur Digital Institute (NaDI), he has strengthened the cohesion of the Centre (with the so-called “midis du CRIDS” or training days) and has ensured the promotion of collective and multidisciplinary research projects on promising themes (collaborative economy, artificial intelligence, etc.).
Many thanks also to all past and present CRIDS researchers who, for more than 40 years, have been analysing Internet and digital related topics within their respective disciplines (law, sociology, philosophy, communication, etc.) and from an interdisciplinary perspective.  This has led to multiple PhDs, scientific publications, research reports (commissioned in particular by the European Union, Belgian public authorities, etc.), international conferences or active participation in societal debates (in the press in particular).  Many examples of these results are once more highlighted in this Newsletter.        
I want the CRIDS to remain a stimulating and open place where it is “good” to carry out research, with the high level of expertise.  With the objective of deploying the Center at the international level, collaboration with colleagues of NaDI and other research centers will also be strengthened, as well as IN and OUT mobility of researchers.  Obviously, the main topics – and challenges – of the digital society will continue to be addressed, through individual or collective research projects, conferences, publications, etc.  In this respect, the CRIDS Alumni network could also be mobilised. 
The conference celebrating the 40 years of the CRIDS (unfortunately postponed due to the covid-19 crisis and rescheduled on 18-19 November 2021) will be an opportunity to implement some of these projects.  It will be the closing event of webinars, conferences and other events organised during 2021 (the programme will be available in January) aimed at highlighting the expertise of the Centre and the friendliness of the Namur way of life. 
I look forward to seeing you again and discussing some ideas to re-shape the digital society!

New projects

Digital intelligence for collaborative ENergy management in Manufacturing

DENiM will promote technical leadership through the integration of innovative digital technologies to support the engineering of complex and highly interconnected processes and systems that enable the creation of sustainable value chains for energy-efficient manufacturing system management. The Through a co-creation approach across different industry sectors, DENiM will foster the establishment and exchange of best practices for the integration of ICT, energy optimisation and sustainable manufacturing. DENiM will provide a flexible solution that can stimulate the creation of, and adaptation to new business models that promote sustainability within the manufacturing industry (e.g. customer-driven manufacturing, circular economy).

SMART 2019-0024
Framework Contract for the Provision of Evaluation and Impact Assessment Services to DG Connect

The aim of the specific project under this Framework contract is to provide DG CNECT from the EU Commission with an evaluation of the application by the EU National Regulatory Authorities of the 2010 Next Generation Access (NGA) recommendation and the 2013 Non-discrimination and costing methodologies (NDCM) recommendation. Following the adoption of Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of December 11, 2018 establishing the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC), which replaces the Directives regarding the implementation of which these recommendations were providing guidance, both recommendations need to be reviewed so that they remain fit for purpose to provide guidance on the implementation of the provisions of the EECC detailing the access, non-discrimination and pricing obligations succeeding to the provisions of the previous Directives, to which both recommendations refer. In addition to the evaluation of the implementation, the study consists in a forward-looking analysis of a number of key elements from both recommendations and proposes, whenever possible, possible approaches to be considered by the Commission in updating the current guidance. The study analyses the expected effects of these proposed approaches in terms of prices, competition and VHCN deployment in the context of ex ante regulation of broadband markets


Digital Revolution in Belgian Federal Government: An Open Governance Ecosystem for Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Blockchain – Study for the Belgian Science Policy Office BELSPO

DIGI4FED aims to understand how big data can be used in the Belgian federal administration system to enable better public service provision through new technologies such as artificial intelligence and blockchain. By focusing on the technical, moral, legal and organisational conditions within the internal and external federal decision-making processes, DIGI4FED aims to develop a governance design that serves the administrative and public service processes of the Belgian federal government and makes full use of the potential offered by big data and its application via artificial intelligence and blockchain technology.

Last publications


H. JACQUEMIN, A. COTIGA, Y. POULLET (dir.), Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l’épreuve du droit, coll du C.R.I.D.S, 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, 496 p.

Y. POULLET, « Ethique et droits de l’homme dans notre société du numérique», coll. Technologie et société, Bruxelles, Académie royale de Belgique, 2020, 178 p.


R. FEASEY, A. DE STREEL, Data sharing for digital markets contestability : towards a governance framework, Bruxelles, CERRE, 2020, 96 p. (FREE PDF HERE)

P. LAROUCHE, A. DE STREEL, Interplay between the New Competition Tool and Sector-Specific Regulation in the EU : expert study, Bruxelles, European Parliament, 2020, 35 p. (FREE PDF HERE)
Y. POULLET, e.a., Gouverner la technologie en temps de crise: aide à la décision dans le cadre du Covid-19, Rapport publié par l’Human Technology Foundation, sous la direction de J. L DAVET et E.SALOBIR, s.l., s.n., 2020., 168 p. (FREE PDF HERE)
Y. POULLET et alii, Technology Governance in a time of crisis, Rapport publié par l’Human Technology Foundation, sous la direction de J. L DAVET et E.SALOBIR, s.l., s.n., 2020., 145 p. (FREE PDF HERE)
Y. POULLET, e.a., Development and governance of technology-based solutions for a health crisis exit strategy : decision support for COVID-19 initiatives, s.l., s.n., 2020., 14 p. (FREE PDF HERE)


E. DEGRAVE, «The Use of Secret Algorithms to Combat Social Fraud in Belgium », E.R.D.A.L. , 2020, pp. 167-178. (FREE PDF HERE)

E. DEFREYNE, « Les médias belges de service public : quelle influence du droit européen des aides d’État ?», A.M., 2020, n°1, pp. 38-56.

Y.POULLET, « IA, Erreur et Droit - La responsabilité des acteurs de l’IA », Actes du Colloque : Should we Delete the Error? The value of Errors in the age of Robotics & AI, organisé par le laboratoire Ethics (direction M. RUFFO di Calabra), UCLille, Sept. 7 et 8, disponible sur le site du laboratoire ETHICS, (FREE PDF HERE)

Yves POULLET, “Why we need Info –Ethics? Which Ethical values and how to apply them in the context of the fight against COVID 19?”, Proceedings of the Three-Day Online International Conference on "Access to Information in Time of Crisis - The UNESCO Information For All Programme Priorities and The COVID-19 Pandemic, University of Hyderabad, India, 26-28 August, 2020, to be published, 13 p. (FREE PDF HERE)            
Y. POULLET, «From open data to reverse PSI : a new European policy facing GDPR», European Public Mosaic. , 2020, pp. 42-57. (FREE PDF HERE)

A. BIBAL, M. LOGNOUL, A. DE STREEL, B. FRENAY, «Legal requirements on explainability in machine learning», Artificial Intelligence & Law, 2020, 21 p.      (FREE PDF HERE)

Yves POULLET, « La « propriété » des données : balade au « pays des merveilles » à l’heure du Big Data », Penser le droit de la pensée : mélanges en l’honneur de Michel Vivant, Paris : Dalloz, 2020, pp. 339-357.
Y. POULLET, « L’identité numérique en quête de son identité juridique », L’identité numérique, ouvrage sous la direction de J. EYNARD, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 191-204

H. JACQUEMIN, « Droit de la preuve et protection des consommateurs», D.C.C.R., 2020, n°127, pp. 3-30.

M. KNOCKAERT « L’incidence du Règlement Général sur la Protection des Données (RGPD) sur l’accès à l’information en matière d’environnement : une rencontre nécessaire mais délicate », Amén., 2020, n°3, pp. 136-148.

C. DE TERWANGNE, J.M. VAN GYSEGHEM, Y. POULLET, « La Covid19 : la mise en perspective des droits à la vie privée et à la santé», R.D.T.I., 2020, n°76-77, pp. 5-8.

M. KNOCKAERT, « Divulgation d’un dessin ou d’un modèle sur les réseaux sociaux : observations sous EUIPO, 11 décembre 2019», R.D.T.I., 2020, n°76-77, pp. 119-124.

S. DUSOLLIER, « The 2019 Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market : some progress, a few bad choices, and an overall failed ambition », Common Mark. Law Rev., 2020, pp. 979-1030.
E. DEGRAVE, M. VERDUSSEN, « Handicap et vie privée »,  Les grands arrêts en matière de handicap, coll. Grands arrêts , Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 281-317.

Y. POULLET, « Vues de Bruxelles : modes alternatifs de régulation et libertés dans la société du numérique », Enjeux internationaux des activités numériques : entre logique territoriale des Etats et puissance des acteurs privés, Création information communication, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 91-136.

K. ROSIER, « Illégalité d'un système de traçage G.P.S. et preuve irrégulière, observations sous Tribunal du travail du Brabant wallon, 9 avril 2019 », J.L.M.B., 2020, pp. 1349-1355.
J.-M. VAN GYSEGHEM, J. HERVEG, « La protection des données à caractère personnel en droit européen : chronique de jurisprudence (2019) », J.E.D.H., 2020, pp. 30-80.

J.N., COLIN, «Du Bitcoin aux DAO : les fondations techniques de la blockchain», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 9-29.

A. DELFORGE, Y. POULLET, «Les blockchains : un défi et/ou un outil pour le RGPD ?», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 97-135.

H. JACQUEMIN, A. CASSART, «Les blockchains et les smart contracts en droit belge des obligations», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 137-184.

J.-B. HUBIN, «La preuve par la blockchain», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 185-208.

B. MICHAUX, F. JACQUES, «La blockchain est-elle ou non une véritable base de données, protégeable par la propriété intellectuelle ?», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 237-284.

M. LOGNOUL, «La blockchain comme outil de protection et de gestion des actifs de propriété intellectuelle», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 285-313.

C. BOURGUIGNON, «La technologie blockchain et la distribution des médicaments au sein de l’Union européenne», Les blockchains et les smart contracts à l'épreuve du droit, Collection du CRIDS, n° 49, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 441-472

T. LEONARD, Y. POULLET, « L’intérêt général comme arbitre du débat vie privée vs liberté d’expression dans le RGPD », Vie privée, liberté d'expression et démocratie dans la société numérique, Collection du CRIDS, n°47, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 73-122.

Y. POULLET, « Numérique et droit : la vertu du clair-obscur», Vie privée, liberté d'expression et démocratie dans la société numérique, Collection du CRIDS, n°47, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 16-66.

Y. POULLET, « Numérique, droit et vulnérabilités »,  L'étranger, la veuve et l'orphelin...Le droit protège-t-il les plus faibles ? : Liber amicorum Jacques Fierens, Collection de la Faculté de droit de l’UNamur, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2020, pp. 419-438.

Y. POULLET, « Pandémie, numérique et droits de l'homme : un étrange cocktail ! », J.D.E. , 2020, pp. 246-263.

New acquisitions of the documentation centre

Director of CRIDS
Nov 27, 2020 - 14:00-15:00 - Webinar
Big data and artificial intelligence: the challenges for (tax) authorities
DIGI4FED project
More information on the Ongoing events page

CRIDS in the press

Alexandre DE STREEL
Régulation numérique: la Silicon Valley redoute les projets de l'UE.

Alexandre DE STREEL
Comment Bruxelles veut ramener l'ordre dans le "Far West" numérique

Des étudiants consciencieux

Coronalert: vous pouvez encore donner votre avis sur l'application de tracing
RTBF La Première - Soir Première

Appli Coronalert: quelles garanties pour la vie privée?
RTBF - La Trois - CQFD

Articles reserved to subscribers:

Antoinette ROUVROY - Antoine DELFORGE
L'effet Covid-19 en conférences
L'Avenir (éd. Namur)

La révolution du nombril

Anonyme, l'application Coronalert? Oui et non

Des mentors étudiants - en matière juridique Internet - pour les start-ups

Vous acceptez le fait d'être traqué
La Libre Belgique

Alexandre DE STREEL
Comment le marché noir des faux avis empoisonne Amazon
Le Soir

New members


Researcher at CRIDS
The main focus of my Law studies at ULB was the protection of Human Rights and the environment. In the context of my Master’s thesis in Public and International Law, I analysed the degree of human control that needs to be maintained on ‘autonomous’ lethal weapons, pursuant to International Humanitarian Law. My research has sharpened my awareness of the impact of new technologies on our lives and our environment.

At the CRIDS, I am working as a trainee for the Information for All Programme (IFAP) of UNESCO, assisting Yves Poullet in his mandate of President of the ‘Information Ethics’ Working Group. I am contributing to the definition and coordination of the work of this group, participating in the IFAP meetings, and reacting to the draft Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence prepared by an Ad Hoc Expert Group of UNESCO. I am also following up the work of the Council of Europe and the EU on the same topics.

The Working Group focuses on multiple sectors (disinformation, education, environment…) and technological applications (Internet of Things, genetic manipulations, facial recognition, health care robots, automated cars…) which raise increasing concerns regarding ethics and Human Rights.

Victoria RUELLE

Researcher at CRIDS
After finishing her five years of law school at the UCL and the master's degree in information and communication technology law at UNamur, Victoria Ruelle started a research work at CRIDS. As a part-time researcher, she devotes the rest of her time to a law internship at the Lexing law firm. Within CRIDS, she is currently working on a project concerning the regulation of artificial intelligence, in collaboration with the KULeuven.


Researcher at CRIDS
Clara graduated in law from the University of Louvain-la-Neuve. Last year, she attended the advanced Master in Information and Communication Technologies law (ICT) at the University of Namur and graduated magna cum laude.

She joined the UNamur on a part time basis since November 2020 within the Faculty of Law, where Clara will give practical work of Sources and Principles of Law in first year and will supervise methodological work in second year.

At the same time, Clara started in September 2020 as a trainee lawyer in a law firm at the Bar of Brussels.

Concerning her research activity, she would like to look at the human rights study in the digital age, at the digital public law (eGovernment) and at the protection of personal data.

CRIDS Documentary Database

More than
1000 free access pdf files

Articles published in the Centre’s journals and publications of CRIDS researchers
Copyright © 2017 CRIDS, All rights reserved.

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