Education: a timeline
– One of the earliest examples of distance learning when shorthand teacher Caleb Phillips advertised classes in the Boston Gazette.
– The year University of the Cape of Good Hope (later Unisa) opens. This university in 1946 becomes the first university to teach exclusively through distance learning.
– The year the United Nations recognises education as a human right
where every person is entitled to free, compulsory basic education.
– The first US college without a physical campus, Coastline Community College
, began offering televised courses.
– The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
strengthens a child’s right to education based on four principals: “non-discrimination; the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development of the child to the maximum extent possible; and the right of children to express their views in all matters affecting them and for their views to be given due weight in accordance with their age and maturity.”
– The Department of Education publishes White Paper 7 on e-Education
which requires that "every South African learner in the general and further education and training bands will be able to use ICTs confidently and creatively to help develop the skills and knowledge they need to achieve personal goals and to be full participants in the global community by 2013"
- The Universal Service and Access Obligations framework
is instituted, which requires network operators, MTN, Vodacom, Cell C and Neotel/Liquid Telecoms to provide 5 250 public schools with Internet connectivity and ICT equipment as part of their licence obligations
– The start of the #FeesMustFall
movement in South Africa following a protest over proposed 6% increase of tuition fees at universities.
– 16 December, former President Jacob Zuma announces that all tertiary education will be free
for all students with a family income of less than R350 000 at the ANC’s elective conference in Nasrec.
– 12 April, 1.3-billion learners across the globe affected by school closures because of the COVID-19 pandemic
– this newsletter was researched and compiled by Gemma Ritchie