Worth Saving

The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office 
February 2017
Recent National Register Listings
Rehabilation Highlights 
Murray Family Home in Durham Listed as National Historic Landmark
National Park Service Announces Over $7.5 Million in Grants to Preserve African American Civil Rights Movement Sites
Birthplace of Nina Simone for Sale Again
OSA uses Skype Sessions to Educate Elementary School Students
How will the National Park Service Protect American's Heritage from Climate Change?
Remembering Soul City
Transylvania County Joint Historic Preservation Commission Receives FY2016 Historic Preservation Fund Grant
History Behind Marion's Mid-Century, All-Metal Round House
Revisiting the Restoration Services Branch's Technical Notes: Floor Restoration and Finishes
New York Couple Begins Work on Lincoln County House
For Your Entertainment and Edification...
Events, Awards, and Grants
The Quigless Clinic, originally owned and operated by Dr. Milton Quigless, was constructed in 1946 to serve the medical needs of the black population of the small town of Tarboro and surrounding counties in rural, eastern North Carolina. It was listed in the National Register in 2000. Photo courtesy of
Recent National Register Listings
Dr. Calvin Jones House
Dr. Calvin Jones House, Wake Forest, Wake County, listed 12/20/2016, prepared by J. Smart and M. Michael

The Dr. Calvin Jones House stands among Wake Forest’s oldest historic buildings. Originally located on the campus of the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute, the ca. 1820 residence was moved in 1956 for the third time to its current location on North Main Street. The significant Federal-style house has retained a remarkable degree of its original design, building materials, and craftsmanship. The two-story, hall-and-parlor-plan frame dwelling includes a distinctive stair hall within an engaged two-story shed-roof rear extension. The two-story front portico and the distinctive mantelpieces are especially indicative of the early-nineteenth-century classical-inspired design in Wake County.
Midtown Motor Lodge
Midtown Motor Lodge, Kinston, Lenoir County, listed 12/27/2016, prepared by J. Dail 

The 1963 Midtown Motor Lodge is a Modern style motor inn constructed as an upscale, automobile-friendly alternative to the downtown hotel. As travelers came to and through Kinston, the Midtown Motor Lodge served as modern accommodations for them and their cars. The Midtown Motor Lodge is a “U”-shaped, two-story, concrete block, aluminum and glass building comprising three wings with balconies/walkways providing exterior access to rooms. The motor lodge retains a high degree of historic and architectural integrity and is significant as an example of the motor inn building type utilizing curtain wall construction. Both stylistic and functional in nature, curtain wall construction is characterized by large window walls, or panels, typically glass or steel, set into a metal frame.  
Rehabilitation Highlights
City Market Building, before and after rehabilitation
Wake County, Raleigh, City Market Building
Built in 1914, the Spanish Mission Style City Market Building occupies a prominent site fronting on Moore Square in the Moore Square Historic District. A mainstay for produce, meat, and dairy products, the building served the majority of Raleigh families, who shopped at the facility until a second farmers market opened north of downtown in 1950. With the second market and suburban grocery stores contributing to reduced sales, the City sold the building in 1959 for private commercial development. Previously a popular 1990s brewery and restaurant until a fire forced them to close in 2004, the building was rehabilitated in 2008-2016 as two special events spaces. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $1.5 million.
Reynolds Building, after rehabilitation
Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, Reynolds Building
Designed by the world-famous New York architectural firm Shreve and Lamb (of Empire State Building fame), the Reynolds Building is significant at the statewide level as an icon of early 20th-century Art Deco-style ziggurat architecture. Erected 1928-1929 and the tallest building in North Carolina until 1966, the 22-story skyscraper was the headquarters for the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. In 2008 RJR decided to relocate all employees to larger offices in an adjacent building and elsewhere, and by 2010 the building was empty. This 2014-2016 rehabilitation has transformed the building into a hotel on the lower six floors plus basement with a restaurant and bar, meeting spaces, and a health club. The upper floors now consist of 119 market rate apartments. This project was spurred by the use of the federal historic and state mill income-producing tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $37 million.
United States Post Office, after rehabilitation
Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, United States Post Office
Built in 1914-15 and enlarged in 1936-37, the former United States Post Office in Winston-Salem’s Downtown North Historic District is a substantial limestone structure designed in the Beaux Arts style. It remained in operation until 1991 and is well-preserved as the Millennium Center, an entertainment and special events venue. A 2014 roofing project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $206,969.
107 North Maple Street, before and after rehabilitation
Durham County, Durham, 107 North Maple Street
This ca. 1935 bungalow in the East Durham Historic District has transformed a vacant and deteriorating house in this urban neighborhood into a single-family rental residence. This 2016 project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $70,000.
408 Broad Street, before and after rehabilitation
Craven County, New Bern, 408 Broad Street
This ca. 1950 two-story building in the New Bern Historic District was rehabilitated in 2016 for continued office use. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $176,000.
Murray Family Home in Durham Listed as National Historic Landmark
Pauli Murray Family Home, photo courtesy of
On January 11th, the Department of the Interior announced twenty-four new National Historic Landmarks, one of which is the Pauli Murray Family Home in Durham.  The house is the property most closely associated with Pauli Murray, a civil rights activist, lawyer, educator, writer, and Episcopal priest. She is best known for her involvement in social movements through her advocacy for both women’s and civil rights. Her efforts were critical to retaining “sex” in Title VII, a fundamental legal protection for women against employment discrimination. After decades of work for black civil rights, her vision for a civil rights association for women became the National Organization for Women (NOW). Recently, the Pauli Murray Center for History and Social Justice was the recipient of a National Park Service African American Civil Rights Grant totaling $237,575 to be used for interior restoration of the house. For more information read this article and the following item.

Also among the new National Historic Landmark listings is a boundary expansion of the Old Salem Historic District in Winston-Salem, originally designated in 1966. Read more about that here. Click here to read the full press release about the new National Historic Landmarks.
National Park Service Announces Over $7.5 Million in Grants to Preserve African American Civil Rights Movement Sites
Ware Creek School, Blounts Creek, Beaufort County
On January 12, 2017, the National Park Service announced a total of 39 projects in over 20 states that will receive funding to preserve and highlight sites and stories associated with the Civil Rights Movement and the African American experience.  North Carolina properties will be included in three of these grant-funded projects.  The Pauli Murray Center for History and Social Justice received $237,575.00 for the Pauli Murray Family Home Interior Restoration; Sit-In Movement Inc. received $50,000 for the International Civil Rights Center & Museum; and the National Trust for Historic Preservation received $50,000 for the Rosenwald Schools Mapping Project: Enhancing Understanding of Rosenwald Schools through Web GIS and Story Maps. Click here to read the full press release and see the full list of projects. Click here to read more about the Rosenwald Schools Project.
Birthplace of Nina Simone for Sale Again
Birthplace of Nina Simone
The birthplace of singer, songwriter, and civil rights activist, Nina Simone, is for sale again.  The home in Tryon, was where Simone, born Eunice Kathleen Waymon, lived with her parents and five siblings until she left Tryon to pursue her music career.  The property is listed as the number one threatened property on the National Association for the Preservation of African-American History & Culture Inc.’s website.  It was partially restored by the previous owner, but he could not afford to complete the project. Read the full article here.
OSA uses Skype Sessions to Educate Elementary School Students
As part of the NC Office of State Archaeology’s (OSA’s) Public Education Outreach Program, archaeologists Lindsay Flood Ferrante and John Mintz recently participated in a Skype presentation with a sixth-grade class at Mountain View Elementary School in Hickory. The presentation encompassed all aspects of archaeology, including North Carolina’s long and varied cultural history, and how the actions of past peoples continue to inform modern society.  After the formal presentation, a Q&A session included such questions as “How do you become an archaeologist?,” “What is the most significant thing you have ever found?,” and “Why is archaeology important?.” The OSA plans to continue having these Skype sessions with classrooms across the state in an effort to share North Carolina’s cultural heritage and allow students a chance to interact directly with the professionals working in the field of archaeology.
How Will the National Park Service Protect America's Heritage from Climate Change?  
The Whalehead Club, Currituck County, photo courtesy of
Climate Change poses a tremendous threat to our country’s historic resources, including archaeological sites, buildings and structures, museum collections, ethnographic resources, museum collections, and cultural landscapes.  As a means to combat this threat, the National Park Service has published a Cultural Resource Climate Change Strategy. The publication is meant to provide guidance for NPS managers to anticipate, plan for, and respond to the real and potential effects of a changing climate on cultural resources.  It builds on the goals of NPS’s first strategy plan in 2010 and provides practical follow-up to a 2014 policy memorandum. To read the article, click here.
Remembering Soul City
Soul City Promotional Rendering, photo courtesy of
In 1969, Floyd McKissick, a civil rights activist and director of the Congress of Racial Equality, proposed the creation of Soul City.  This was to be a planned utopian community in Warren County for all races that would provide affordable housing, health care, jobs, and education to all residents, especially minorities and the impoverished. The city never lived up to its projected success, and by 1979, McKissick was forced into foreclosure.  To learn more, watch this video.
Transylvania County Joint Historic Preservation Commission Receives FY2016 Historic Preservation Fund Grant
Allison-Deaver House
By Michelle Patterson-McCabe
On behalf of the Transylvania County Historical Society, Transylvania County Joint Historic Preservation Commission has received a FY 2016 federal Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) grant of $11,000 for repairs to the Allison-Deaver House.
Built by Benjamin Allison in 1815 and later enlarged by William Deaver in 1840, the Allison-Deaver House is believed to be the oldest standing frame house west of the Blue Ridge. In the 1840s, its large size and vernacular Georgian-style architecture made it a significant dwelling in the mountains of western North Carolina. Located near the entrance to Pisgah National Forest in Brevard, the house is now owned and maintained by the Transylvania County Historical Society. In 1987, the National Register-listed house was slated for demolition, but a group of local citizens acted quickly to form the historical society, which then purchased and began stabiling the house. Today, the Allison-Deaver House is open to the public for tours and special events. For more information about the house and the historical society, see
The FY 2016 HPF grant will be used for repair of the roof, window frames, and sills. This grant program is available each year through the State Historic Preservation Office to Certified Local Governments (CLG) as well as not-for-profits and educational institutions within a CLG.
History Behind Marion's Mid-Century, All-Metal Round House
Westall House, photo courtesy of
In his quest to make the world a better, more efficient place to live, Thomas Edison Westall of McDowell County designed and built an aluminum house in the 1950s. Westall, an engineer, constructed the four-leaf-clover-shaped house of sheets of aluminum, which he cut and riveted himself. Unfortunately, this truly unique home is no longer standing. Find out more about the house and its creator here.
Revisiting the Restoration Services Branch's Technical Notes: Floor Restoration and Finishes
By David Christenbury
Standard 7 of the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation states, “Chemical or physical treatments, such as sandblasting, that cause damage to historic materials shall not be used. The surface cleaning of structures, if appropriate, shall be undertaken using the gentlest means possible.”

In 1988, Peter Sandbeck, former Restoration Specialist at the State Historic Preservation Office (HPO), wrote an article for our newsletter about Floor Restoration and Finishes detailing how to apply Standard 7 to buildings constructed in the mid-1800s. David Christenbury, Preservation Architect and Non-Income-Producing Tax Credit Coordinator at the HPO, has some ideas about how to approach this standard for floors of buildings constructed in the 1900s.
For wood floors, start at level 1 and move to the next level only after careful study:
  • Level 1: Clean and protect; repeat as necessary. Consider using white vinegar as the cleaning agent and an appropriate wax to protect the surface.
  • Level 2: “Screening.” Use an open mesh pad to remove the finish. Steel wool falls in this level 2.
  • Level 3: Sanding. Do you really need to start removing some of the historic material? Often there is only approximately ¼” of wood before you get into the tongue and groove joints. If you have to sand, consider doing this by hand and be very selective, i.e. sand only the really bad spots.
Following screening or sanding, there are two options for applying a finish.  The first is using oil to fill the pores of the wood and capping it with a wax. The second is using polyurethane as a surface coating.  
Click here to see Peter Sandbeck’s original article, which was in the Spring 1988 issue of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office Newsletter.

New York Couple Begins Work on Lincoln County House

Hager House, photo courtesy of
Andy and Laurie Morrison, a couple from New York, recently purchased the Hager House in Stanley, in eastern Lincoln County. The 1888 farm house was built for William Julius Peter Hager and remained in the family until recently, when it was donated to Preservation North Carolina. When the Morrisons purchased the house, they were required to enter an agreement with Preservation North Carolina to restore the house within six years and to continue maintenance. The restoration work will be done by Mr. Morrison, who is a contractor by trade. Read the full article here.
For Your Entertainment and Edification...
-- Durham made the list of the ten rising U.S. cities where homeownership is affordable.  See who else made the list.
--Take a video tour of Philadelphia City Hall, the largest city building in the United States. Click here.
-- Click here for a Q & A with the White House Historical Association senior historian, Mike Matthew Costello.  
Events, Awards, and Grants
For statewide events lists, visit the HPO Facebook events list, Preservation North Carolina events list, or a December 2016 calendar of events and workshop and conference list  courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.
February- December 2017 The National Preservation Institute has announced the schedule of 2017 Professional Training Seminars in Historic Preservation & Cultural Resource Management. Click here to view the calendar.  
March 7-8 Section 106 Essentials Training in Washington, D.C. Perfect for those who are new to Section 106 review or would like a refresher. Click here for more information. 
March 14-16 NC Main Street Conference: Main Street – What’s Your Strategy?, Shelby, NC. The state’s largest downtown revitalization event will offer learning sessions, tours, networking, and an opportunity to experience downtown Shelby. For more information, visit
March 24-25 Race and Public Space: Commemorative Practices in the American South, in Charlottesville, VA. This symposium will explore intersections between scholarship and practice around race, memory, and commemoration. To learn more about the event, visit
April 18-20 3D Digital Documentation Summit in New Orleans, LA. The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training is partnering with several organizations to host a three-day summit on 3D digital documentation for cultural heritage. Click here for more information.
April 19-22 National Council on Public History Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN. To learn more, visit
April 30-May 5 Pine Mountain Settlement School Restoration Maintenance Workshop, Pine Mountain, KY. Join nationally known preservation trades artisans Bob Yapp and Patrick Kennedy for a 5-day, hands-on learning experience on the beautiful campus of Pine Mountain Settlement School. See here for more information.
May 1-3 Main Street Now Conference, Pittsburgh, PA. For more information, visit this site.

May 31-June 3 This year’s Vernacular Architecture Forum Conference will be held in Salt Lake City, UT. The theme is Two Utahs: Religious and Secular Landscapes in the Great Basin West. Click here for more.
September 27-29 Mark your calendars! Preservation North Carolina’s Annual Conference will be held this year in Charlotte. Check back here for updates.
November 14-17 Mark your calendars! The 2017 PastForward conference will be held this November in Chicago, IL. The main themes this year will be ReUrbanism, Technology, and Health. Check back here for updates.
2017 Historic Preservation Fund Grants for Certified Local Governments (CLGs) The State Historic Preservation Office (HPO) is now accepting applications for FY 2017 federal Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) pass-through grants, which are available to Certified Local Governments (CLGs). Eligible projects include architectural and archaeological surveys, nominations of eligible districts and properties to the National Register of Historic Places, survey publication manuscripts, local preservation design guidelines and preservation plans, educational programs, and restoration of National Register-listed properties. Grant awards, which may cover up to 60 percent of total project costs, generally range from $1,000 to $15,000 and are available on a reimbursement basis. Eligible applicants are local governments and local historic preservation commissions as well as nonprofit organizations and educational institutions within the jurisdiction of a CLG. Visit this page to learn more about the grant program.
Please send any comments or suggestions to Hannah Beckman at Please forward this newsletter to others who might be interested in the information. Archived issues are online at

The activity that is the subject of this publication has been financed in part with federal funds from the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Department of the Interior, and administered by the NC HPO. However, the contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of NPS or NC HPO. This program receives federal financial assistance for identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U. S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, disability or age in its federally assisted programs. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility as described above, or if you desire further information please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington DC  20240.

Copyright © 2017 North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, All rights reserved.

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