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Bi-monthly CADROSA newsletter 
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Welcome to the eighth CADROSA newsletter, and the first CADROSA newsletter for 2018.

You may have noticed that 2018 has started with a spotlight on road safety in many countries around the world.

In the US, the Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, an alliance of consumer, health and safety groups, and insurance companies and agents, released the 15th Annual Edition of the Roadmap of State Highway Safety Laws.

                                      

While President Catherine Chase notes that "adopting comprehensive safety laws and using proven roadway and in-vehicle technologies are the safest and surest route to addressing this major public health epidemic", at CADROSA we believe, we take, and we operationalise a holistic view to a breadth of other engineering, education, enforcement, and engagement approaches. Our first project, in which we are applying the Behaviour of Young Novice Drivers Scale in many jurisdictions, is just the start on this journey.

In Australia, the national Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), launched in 1932, is a multi-platform media operation and a public broadcaster which delivers Australian stories and conversations across the nation and to the region. In January they released the infographic "This is every road death since 1989", with dots representing the dead. How amazing would it be to release an infographic titled 'this is every life saved since 2018'?

                                 

While highlighting problems, and some of the solutions, is a great start to the year, we need to ensure that we don't just highlight the problem without action to mitigate the problem. This is where you come in - through our collaborative and coordinated efforts, and our encouragement of others to join us in these efforts, each of us can make a difference both close to home and further afield.

We hope you find the information contained in our latest newsletter helpful, and please do not hesitate to share it throughout your network. Here's to a safer 2018!

Kind regards


Bridie, Founder
CADROSA

The Year in Review: 2017

We started 2017 with the reality that, in many motorised jurisdictions, the trends regarding road crash fatalities were in contrast to the goals and vision of the Decade of Action for Road Safety. In Australia we had seen an 8% increase in fatalities on the previous year. The Australasian College of Road Safety, as Australia's peak road safety association, consequently submitted a proposal of recommendations regarding efforts required to reduce road trauma in Australia. Unfortunately, at the end of 2017, efforts made during the year have not resulted in major improvements regarding road fatalities.


Australian road statistics, 2017. Source: https://bitre.gov.au/statistics/safety/ 

The members featured in our newsletter over the year included Dr Bolajoko I. Malomo (University of Lagos), Drs Aukse Endriulaitiene and Laura Seibokaites' team (Vytautas Magnus University), Dr Ioni Lewis (CARRS-Q, Queensland University of Technology), Linda Anderson's team (Road Safe Hawkes Bay, the New Zealand Police, and the Department of Corrections), Dr Gabriel Dorantes Argandar (Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos), and a special contribution from Seth LaJeunesse (UNC Highway Safety Research Center and National Center for Safe Routes to School). These members shared with us their common purpose as researchers and practitioners of road safety to make a stronger contribution to reducing the trauma faced by adolescents as road users, no matter their choice of mobility, and those impacted as a consequence of the ripple effect. Their motivations to design more effective, evidence-based interventions and disseminate multi-country research results for a broader, global impact are what drives the successes of CADROSA. Sharing experiences and expertise across countries is critical to create this impact and we encourage you all to continue to share with us, to disseminate to members and alike, your achievements and innovations. We still have a long way to go.

Dr Bridie was able to connect with current and new members in 2017 at the Transportation Research Board Annual Conference in Washington DC, the 15th World congress on Public Health in Melbourne, Australia, the 5th International Symposium on Transportation Safety in Shanghai, the Australasian Road Safety Conference in Perth, Australia including hosting a Teen Driver Safety community seminar, the Road Safety and Simulation International Conference in the Netherlands, and the 2017 Victorian Driver Trainers Conference in Melbourne. In addition to Dr Bridie's hectic travel itinery she managed to organise and host her annual community seminar here at the University of the Sunshine Coast with CADROSA members, Steve Cantwell, Dr Carlo Prato, and Dr Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios, presenting results from their research efforts.

Thank you to the members who shared road-related images over the year which are now uploaded to the website (cadrosa.org/cadrosa-gallery/) and include photographs from China, Germany, the Netherlands, and Australia.
Please continue to share the efforts of CADROSA and your contributions with your colleagues and throughout your networks. Our membership has grown by 45% and has diversified to countries including Bolivia, Tanzania, and Uganda. The broader our community the greater our impact will be.

Member Profile
Name:  Walter Funk

Position: Senior Researcher, Head of research branch "MOVE" (MObilitaets und-VErkehrssicherheitsforschung, mobility & road safety research)

Email: walter.h.funk@ifes.uni-erlangen.de

For further information visit: https://www.ifes.fau.de/
Location:
Institute for Empirical Sociology
Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen

Nuremberg,
GERMANY


Image source:   https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Germany_CIA_map_extended.gif
Why did you become a member of CADROSA?

In the last couple of years the crash risk of young novice drivers in Germany decreased significantly due to changes in novice driver education, licensing procedures and post-licensing measures. The MOVE-team at IfeS supported this improvement by delivering sound evaluations of measures, participating in expert groups etc. But still today, young novice drivers in Germany have the highest crash risk of all car drivers.

To tackle this problem even better, it seems important to discuss research results not only with researchers and practitioners in my own country, but also to exchange research results, ideas for practical measures etc. on an international level. Therefore CADROSA offers an appropriate platform. I became a member of CADROSA to learn from colleagues around the world about their experiences, their research efforts and results, as well as the practical measures in their countries to tackle the crash risk of young novice drivers. Conversely, I am open to sharing my research findings with colleagues from all over the world. Together, we can make a difference.

Something others may not know about you?

My work in the "mobility and road safety"-branch (MOVE) of IfeS comprises research regarding different topics:
  • Road safety education for children in Kindergarten and at school
Currently, we are evaluating a target group programme aimed at parents of pre-schoolers by surveying parents shortly before a parental road safety education event in the kindergarten and two times after this event (including participants and non-participants). In another target group programme we survey kindergarten teachers regarding their experience with offers of road safety measures for kindergartens. In another research project, we are conducting a literature analysis on the state of the art of knowledge regarding developmental psychological aspects of children's traffic participation.
  • Young novice drivers (not only as car drivers but also as riders of mopeds or scooters)
IfeS evaluated the German measure, "Accompanied Driving from age 17", twice and just finished the evaluation of the model trial AM15, which allows 15-year old youth to ride a moped / scooter.
  • Mobility management (commuting to work by bicycle instead of using a car)
IfeS conducted several surveys regarding the topics of how employees get to their workplace as well as who participates in the measure "Cycling to work", that attracts many thousand participants every year.
  • Human-machine-interfaces (HMI)
Currently our team is part of the EU- Horizon 2020 funded project BRAVE and thereby responsible for the research on the acceptance of automated vehicles by all kinds of road users (www.brave-project.eu). To this we employ expert interviews, focus group discussions and an international comparison survey (in France, Germany, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, as well as in the US and Australia). In another project on the use of assistance systems for children as bicycle riders, we are responsible for user studies and the evaluation of the handling of a demonstrator by the children (https://www.safety4bikes.de). In both HMI-projects IfeS is also responsible for the ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI) of research in this field.
CADROSA News

Dr Bridie started 2018 with presentations, workshops, and meetings at the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board in Washington DC, before visiting and collaborating with an engineer colleague, Professor Matthew Romoser, at the Western New England University in Massachusetts.
Dr Bridie will be attending the Australian Road Safety Awards Luncheon in Melbourne in March as an Advisory Board Member for the Blue Datto Foundation. March also sees Dr Bridie speaking at the 10 year anniversary of RYDA Caloundra.

In April Dr Bridie will be attending the 28th Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) International Conference in Brisbane.

In May Dr Bridie will again travel to Tongji University in Shanghai for the 6th International Symposium on Transportation Safety.

In June Dr Bridie will travel to Montreal for the International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP) conference.

In September the Adolescent Risk Research Unit will host our annual free community seminar.

In October Dr Bridie will be attending the Australasian Road Safety Conference ARSC2018 in Sydney.

In November Dr Bridie will be speaking at the annual Driver Trainers Conference here in Queensland. Dr Bridie will also be attending the Safety 2018 World Conference in Bangkok.
 
During her travels, Dr Bridie is very pleased to meet with CADROSA members and others interested in improving road safety not only for our adolescents, but also for our children and for our experienced road users. If you would like to arrange a meeting during any of these visits, please email info@cadrosa.org
Social Media
Dr Bridie had a special Christmas message for drivers on the road this holiday season. Please like the Dr Bridie Facebook page and Twitter page to follow the latest Dr Bridie initiatives in the adolescent road safety space. For any enquiries regarding social media contact Shannon Attwater, Communications Manager for the Adolescent Risk Research Unit, arru@usc.edu.au





 
 
CADROSA Projects
A call for recommendations in the pedestrian and two-wheeler research domains for cross-country collaborations.
CADROSA aims to coordinate multi-country projects (including interventions and countermeasure evaluations) simultaneously within adolescent road safety including projects investigating the adolescent road user a a driver, and also as a rider and a cyclist. Seth LaJeunesse, Research Associate at the UNC Highway Safety Research Center and Associate Director of the National Center for Safe Routes to School, highlighted the urgency for research efforts regarding pedestrian safety in our November newsletter. It is a critical time to undertake such research and reduce the adolescent road users' fatality rates as pedestrians and cyclists. 
If you are interested in being involved and/or have a proposal for a cross-country collaboration please contact us at info@cadrosa.org
Publication Update

This month (January), the publication "The sex disparity in risky driving: A survey of Colombian young drivers", co-authored by Dr Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios and Dr Bridie Scott-Parker, was accepted for publication in the journal, Traffic Injury Prevention. Here is the abstract, as it appears in Taylor & Francis Online,

Objective
The overrepresentation of young drivers in poor road safety outcomes has long been recognised as a global road safety issue. In addition, the overrepresentation of males in crash statistics has also been recognised as a pervasive young driver problem. Whilst progress in road safety evidenced as a stabilisation and/or reduction in poor road safety outcomes has been made in developed nations, less-developed nations contribute the greatest road safety trauma, and developing nations such as Colombia continue to experience increasing trends in fatality rates. The aim of the research was to explore sex differences in self-reported risky driving behaviours of young drivers, including the associations with crash-involvement, in a sample of young drivers attending university in Colombia.

Methods
The Spanish version of the Behaviour of Young Novice Drivers Scale (BYNDS-Sp) was applied to a sample of 392 students (225 males) aged 16-24 years attending a major university in an online survey. Appropriate comparative statistics and logistic regression modelling were used when analysing the data.

Results
Males reported consistently more risky driving behaviours, with approximately one-quarter of all participants reporting risky driving exposure. Males reported greater crash-involvement, with violations such as speeding associated with crash-involvement for both males and females.

Conclusion
Young drivers in Colombia appear to engage in the same risky driving behaviours as young drivers in developed nations. In addition, young male drivers in Colombia reported greater engagement in risky driving behaviour than young female drivers; a finding again consistent with the behaviours of young male drivers in developed nations. As such, the research findings suggest that general interventions such as education, engineering, and enforcement should target transient rule violations such as speeding and using a handheld mobile phone while driving for young drivers in Colombia. Future research should investigate how these interventions could be tailored specifically for the Colombian cultural context, including how their effects can be evaluated, prior to implementation.

CADROSA Banner
CADROSA has commissioned a graphic designer to create an exhibition banner to promote CADROSA. The template is freely accessible for any CADROSA members to use. Click on the below link to download the file for printing:
 https://edit.usc.edu.au/media/19140495/cardosa-pull-up-banner-830mm.pdf








 
CADROSA Website

Frequently we need to access road safety images, and we may not have something suitable readily available. The CADROSA webpage features a section in which images are shared, and are categorised according to road safety more generally, driver-specific, passenger-specific, pedestrian-specific, cyclist-specific, and powered two-wheeler-specific images.  Please forward any images which you may wish to share as jpeg files to info@cadrosa.org, and include a brief title explaining the content and the country in which the image was captured in a separate Word document.
Here is an example:
 

We ask that the source of the images be acknowledged by anyone who uses the images.




Shanghai intersection. Photo courtesy of Dr Bridie Scott-Parker, cadrosa.org
We welcome feedback on the newsletter. If you would like to feature any research or engagement activities, whether they were undertaken as part of a CADROSA activity or not, feel free to contact us at cadrosa.org. We would love to hear from you.
Submission Deadline
 
The CADROSA newsletters will be issued every two months (September, November, January, March, May, July).  If you would like to submit content for the next newsletter please forward to info@cadrosa.org.

Submissions of content are to be received by the end of the preceding month so that it can be incorporated within the next newsletter.

Newsletters will be archived on the CADROSA website.
Copyright © 2018 CADROSA, All rights reserved.


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CADROSA · c/- Adolescent Risk Research Unit, Thompson Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast · 12 Innovation Parkway · Birtinya, Qld 4575 · Australia

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