Volume 4 . Issue 4                  April 11, 2020

"Whoever would overthrow the liberty of a nation, must begin by subduing the freedom of speech" - Benjamin Franklin

The Militia and the 2nd Amendment

The idea of a militia is very old. As long ago as 1181, the courts of the day recognized the average citizen's responsibility to keep and bear arms in defense of the Crown. The American militia tradition can be found in writings from England in 1581, where any man from the age of four to the age of 60, in various capacities, had a role to play in the security of the Kingdom.

The Colonial militias began during the early to mid-18th century. British colonists who were pushing the borders of the frontier were in constant danger of coming under Indian attacks. This column will not debate the reason for the violence but will focus on the Colonial response. In order to protect themselves, the colonists formed groups of citizens for defense. Every able-bodied man and older boys were expected to show up for drills on Sunday after church. Skipping these drills or showing up without your musket or rifle subjected you to a penalty. You were just as responsible for your neighbor’s safety as you were your own.

The point here is that these men brought their weapons with them to the town square. They did not have their guns issued to them by the local government nor were their weapons stored in an armory. Men owned their weapons and the powder and shot required to use them. When an alarm went up, they mustered and deployed to face the threat. When the danger was over, they went back to their homes with their guns and ammunition. They resumed their chores but remained vigilant for the next alarm.

With the coming of the French and Indian War, a war in which a young George Washington fought, militias gained an even greater importance by keeping the enemy at bay even while British armies engaged the enemy in major battles.

When the American Revolution began, many militias were sent by the several states to assist in the fight for liberty. Some militia acquitted themselves bravely, but General Washington was mostly unimpressed with their use as soldiers. They were difficult to control and could not be counted on in a battle. Washington is quoted as saying "...can any thing (the exigency of the case indeed may justify it), be more destructive to the recruiting service, than giving Ten dollars bounty for Six weeks service of the Militia, who come in, you can not tell how—go, you cannot tell when—and act, you cannot tell where—consume your provisions—exhaust your Stores, and leave you at last at a critical moment. These Sir, are the men, I am to depend upon, Ten days hence." Towards the end of the War for Independence, militia service improved somewhat but after all they were farmers, lawyers, blacksmiths, teachers, teamsters, builders, etc. They were not soldiers. They were average citizens charged with protecting their families and neighbors.

So now we come to examine the meaning of the words in the 2nd Amendment. Chiefly among those is the term “a well-regulated militia”. Well-regulated in the 18th century tended to be something like well-organized, well-armed, well-disciplined. It didn't mean 'regulation' in the sense that we use it now, in that it's not about the regulatory state. It means the militia was in an effective shape to fight. In other words, the state wasn’t controlling the militia, but rather the militia was prepared to do its duty. As we have shown, it was comprised of individual citizens.

So you should now be able to engage a gun-grabber in a debate as to what the 2nd Amendment is really about and what its framers intended. Encourage them to find a few books about the American History and discover for themselves what it means to be an American.

David Titchenal
Click here to listen to Mark Baird's input on the Second Amendment
and how Covid-19 could impact California in the future with laws
that are being implemented now.
Events are happening all over Jefferson Counties, too many to list here. For more information, please check the website, Events and Meetings or copy & paste:

Fly It Fridays!
Happy Easter from the Jefferson Messenger Staff.
Click here for the archived broadcasts to keep up to date! To call into the live Jefferson radio show, the number is 530-605-4567.
Conference Calls
The conference calls have been put on hold for now and placed on an as needed basis. Please check back here to see if any have been scheduled.

Standing County
Committee Meetings

Subject to change without notice.
Coos County, OR
3rd Wednesday each month - 6PM
60 W Third St
Coquille, OR

Curry County, OR
2nd Wednesday each month -
6:00 PM
Panthers Den
29513 Ellensburg Ave
Gold Beach, OR

Douglas County, OR
2nd Tuesday each month - 6 PM
Republican Headquarters
506 SE Jackson St
Roseburg, OR

El Dorado County
2nd Tuesday each month -
6:30 PM
American Legion Hall, 4561 Greenstone Road, Placerville
Doors open 5:30 to 6:30 PM, to socialize, ask questions and/or enjoy a meal.  The meeting time: 6:30 – 8:00 PM

Jackson County, OR
2nd Thursday each month -
6:30 PM
County Library
412 E Main St
Rogue River, OR

Josephine County, OR
1st Thursday each month - 6:00 PM
Elmer's Restaurant
GP Parkway and Foothill Blvd
Grants Pass, OR
3rd Thursday each month -
6:00 PM
Kerby Belt Building

Klamath County, OR
1st Tuesday each month -
6:00 PM
Sizzler's Meeting Room
2506 S Sixth St
Klamath Falls, OR

Mariposa County
4th Tuesday each month – 5:30 PM
Happy Burger Diner Meeting Room
5120 State Hwy 140 at 12
th St

Nevada & Placer Counties
3rd Wednesday each month - 6 PM
5:30 PM Social time
Mt. Vernon Guild Hall
3185 Bell Rd

Shasta County
Mondays at 5:30 PM
2570 S. Bonnyview Road

Shasta County Intermountain Patriots
2nd Tuesday each month - 6:30 PM
Burney Lions Hall
Main Street, Burney

4th Tuesday each month
Social time - 5 PM
The Ol Merc
Hwy 299, McArthur
Meeting time - 6:30 PM
McArthur Lions Hall,  Hwy 299

Stanisluas County
2nd & 4th Tuesday each month
Grizzly Rock Cafe
4905 North Golden State Blvd  

American Values SOJ
1st & 3rd Tuesday each month -
7 PM
Mountain Mike's Pizza
111 Maggs St, Oakdale

Sutter and Yuba Counties
 4th Monday each month - 6:30 PM
Church of Glad Tidings Building 500, Room 212
1179 Eager Road
Yuba City
Tehama County
 1st  & 3rd Friday each month -
7:00 PM
Westside Grange
20794 Walnut Street
Red Bluff

Trinity County
 2nd Thursday each month -
6:30 PM
Hayfork Community Church
7450 State Highway 3
3rd Wednesday each month -
6:00 PM
Round Table Pizza
120 Nugget Lane

Tuolumne County
2nd Tuesday each month -
6:00 PM
Willow Springs Club House
20522 Willow Springs Rd

A Huge Thank You to
Our Newsletter Staff

Ginny Rapini
Penny Garland
Sally Rapoza

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The State of Jefferson Formation is a grassroots effort to restore representation to the rural counties of Northern California. This movement is NOT affiliated with any political party. Over the last two years, presentations explaining the reasons for Jefferson have been given to all political parties, as well as men and women's service organization, chambers of commerce, county taxpayers associations, county and city government meetings, high school government classes, and town hall meetings for the general public, throughout Northern California.   The State of Jefferson welcomes everyone.
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