EVIDENCE FOR THE FIELD
An authentic discourse: Recentering race and racism as factors that contribute to police violence against unarmed Black or African American men (2016) Authors: Bernadette R. Hadden, Willie Tolliver, Fabienne Snowden, and Robyn Brown-Manning
Purpose: To explore the relationship between race, racism, and attitudes toward police violence against adult males
Methods: Participants were 1,974 adult males and females. Most participants were white, and the average age of participants was 48 years. The 2012 General Social Survey (GSS) was administered to participants either in-person or over the phone. Sex, education, income, and age variables were controlled for when analyzing data.
Results: (1) Race is a key predictor of police violence against adult males (2) Attitudes supportive of police violence are associated with negative cultural images of Blacks or African Americans. (3) Participants who approved of police violence against males attributed disparities in employment, income, and housing between white people and Blacks/ African-American people to a lack of motivation and ability to learn, rather than to racial discrimination and lack of education incurred through poverty.
Conclusions: Social work practitioners, researchers, and educators should further explore the association between racism and police violence, while working to enact racial social justice