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Greetings from the Education and Research Section at the Australian Embassy, Beijing.  See below a round-up of recent China-related education related media releases, which we trust will be useful for developing a better understanding of China's education policy environment. 
Top Stories this issue
Policy Update
Second round announced of Double First-Class initiative

China’s Personal Information Protection Law

National
Full-time teachers in China increase by 26% in past 10 years

29 provincial regions initiated Gaokao reform
MoE: Students' enrolment rate on par with developed world 
Chinese Ministry of Education publishes Catalogue of Vocational School Programs (CHN)
Chinese Vice-premier stresses fostering high-caliber teachers 
China’s online learning platform visited by more than 600 million people

Provinces/SARs
International universities may not automatically recognise Hong Kong’s new core subject which replaces liberal studies


Also of interest
Record Numbers Apply for China’s Teachers Exam Amid Bleak Job Market
Policy Update
Second round announced of Double First-Class initiative

By Education and Research Section, Australian Embassy China, August 2022
This policy update outlines, and provides an Australian Embassy translation of the institutions and disciplines list for the second round of the Double First-Class initiative released by the Chinese authorities in February 2022. The policy update notes that the new round suggests a heightened focus on international collaboration and exchange.
 

China’s Personal Information Protection Law
By Education and Research Section, Australian Embassy China, August 2022
This policy update outlines some aspects of China’s Personal Information Protection Law, which came into effect on 1 November 2021. The policy update notes that this law may affect Australian education providers, particularly when collecting and processing Chinese student data.

 
National
Full-time teachers in China increase by 26% in past 10 years

By China Daily, 7 September 2022
The number of full-time teachers in China has grown by 26 percent in the past 10 years to reach 18.4 million in 2021, the Chinese Ministry of Education (MoE) said on 6 September. According to the MoE, more than 70 percent of primary school teachers hold a bachelor's degree or higher, up from 32.6 percent in 2012, and the number of supervisors for postgraduate students grew from 229,000 to 424,000, while supervisors for PhD candidates increased from 69,000 to 132,000.
 

29 provincial regions initiated Gaokao reform
By China Daily, 15 September 2022
According to the MoE, a total of 29 provincial regions in Mainland China have started or made plans to reform the national college entrance exam, or Gaokao. Of these 29 provincial regions, 14 have already implemented Gaokao reforms, seven will officially implement them in 2024, while eight others will do so in 2025. The reformed Gaokao gives more autonomy to students over subject choices, including the possibility of blending science and humanities subjects.
 

MoE: Students' enrolment rate on par with developed world
By ECNS, 10 September 2022
The gross enrolment rates of all levels of education in China have reached or exceeded those of middle- to high-income countries, said Chinese Minister of Education Huai Jinpeng on 9 September. He shared that the gross enrolment rate of preschool education grew by 23.6 percentage points to 88.1 percent last year, while higher education's enrolment rate jumped by 27.8 percentage points to 57.8 percent in the past decade. According to the MoE, the enrolment rates of preschools, primary and middle schools in the country have reached the average level of high-income countries.
 

Chinese Ministry of Education publishes Catalogue of Vocational School Programs (CHN)
By Gaokao.chis.com.cn, 7 September 2022
The MoE has recently published a new edition of the Catalogue of Vocational School Programs(《职业教育专业简介》). It covers a total of 1,349 programs, among which 358 programs are offered by secondary vocational schools, 744 programs by higher vocational colleges, and 247 programs by bachelor-degree-awarding higher vocational colleges.

 
Chinese Vice-premier stresses fostering high-caliber teachers

By English.gov.cn, 10 September 2022
Chinese Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan has stressed comprehensive and redoubled efforts to foster a contingent of high-caliber teachers in the run-up to China's 38th teachers' day on 10 September. Sun urged teachers to cultivate themselves morally and professionally and called on Party committees and governments at all levels to prioritize cultivating high-caliber teachers, raise the quality of teacher training schools, and implement relevant policies to attract more teaching talents.
 

China’s online learning platform visited by more than 600 million people
By English.gov.cn, 12 September 2022
According to Chinese Minister of Education Huai Jinpeng, the Smart Education of China platform, which started operations in March this year, has been visited almost 4 billion times by more than 600 million people. The platform covers all stages of education from primary school to university, offers digital learning resources to students and employment service to college graduates.
 

Provinces/SARs
International universities may not automatically recognise Hong Kong’s new core subject which replaces liberal studies

By SCMP, 13 September
Based on research conducted by South China Morning Post, Hong Kong’s revamped liberal studies subject might not be automatically recognised by overseas universities with some leading institutions saying they would need time to consider their decision. In September 2021, a new subject was introduced to high school students in Hong Kong to replace liberal studies, with syllabus focused on national security, identity, lawfulness and patriotism.
 

Also of interest
Record Numbers Apply for China’s Teachers Exam Amid Bleak Job Market
By Caixin Global, 8 September 2022
China registered more than 11 million applications for the National Teacher Certification Examination this year, the highest since such exam was introduced in 2013. Approximately 10.76 million Chinese college students entered China’s job market this year and many are seeking state jobs, including those at schools, in search of stability.
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Please note that the articles above are summaries of Chinese media (all hyperlinked) and we have not independently verified the accuracy of the information. All views expressed  are those of the media cited and not necessary held by us.

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