NTUA Road Safety Update - May 2017

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NTUA within the framework of the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week organised with great success a Workshop titled “The Future of Road Safety Research” on 15 May 2017 at the NTUA Campus in Athens. The objective of this Workshop was to highlight through an intensive flow of presentations the main findings and challenges of key road safety research projects carried out within the NTUA Laboratory of Traffic Engineering and to open up the discussion in a round table on the future of road safety research in Greece, in Europe and worldwide. Special emphasis was be given to managing speed for improving road safety in line with the UN Global Road Safety Week objectives.  pdf5

Workshop presentations concerned:

ppt5   The NTUA Road Safety Observatory – Nrso

ppt5   The European Road Safety Observatory – Erso+

ppt5   The European Road Safety Decision Support System – SafetyCube

ppt5   The CEDR Road Safety APM and CMF Repository – Pract

ppt5  The African Road Safety Observatory – SaferAfrica

ppt5  Global benchmarking of road safety in cities – IrtadCities

ppt5  Predicting road accidents with real time data – WeatherSafe

ppt5  Monitoring road safety culture in Europe – SafeCulture

ppt5  Monitoring road safety attitudes in Europe – Esra

ppt5  Monitoring behaviour of older road users in Europe – ElderSafe

ppt5  Monitoring road safety risk factors and measures – SafetyCube

ppt5  Monitoring driver distraction – Distract

ppt5  Monitoring behaviour of drivers with cognitive impairment – DriverBrain

ppt5  Monitoring driver behaviour through mobile phones – OSeven

     Round Table

ppt5   The future of road safety research – HELLASTRON

ppt5  The future of road safety research – Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport

ppt5  Quantitative Methods in Road Safety – HITE

NTUA is inviting experienced researchers from EU countries established outside Greece, who would like to pursue a PostDoc research programme at the NTUA Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering, to apply for European or Global Fellowships of the Marie Curie Individual Fellowships Programme of the European Commission (deadline: September 14th, 2017).

The NTUA Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering is a world class centre on transport research excellence, offering high level research opportunities in state-of-the-art transport science disciplines, within a highly skilled and warm research team. Detailed requirements for application are available at the Marie Curie Programme website   pdf5 and for further information you can contact us.

On March 23rd, during its 74th session, UN World Road Safety Forum discussed an Informal Document on automated driving. This document, submitted by the Chair of WP.1 Informal Working Group of Experts on Automated Driving (IWG-AD), provides a draft common understanding of the Vienna and Geneva conventions with regard to the use of automated driving functions.  pdf5

The World Health Organization has released a Road Safety Manual for decision-makers and practitioners concerning Powered Two- and Three-Wheeler (PTW) Safety. This Manual describes the magnitude of PTW death and injury; key risk factors; ways of assessing the PTW safety situation in a given setting and preparing an action plan; and how to select, design, implement and evaluate effective interventions. The Manual also stresses the importance of a comprehensive, holistic approach that includes engineering, legislation and enforcement measures, as well as behavioural changes.   pdf5

The World Road Association – PIARC recently published a Report titled: “Risk Management for Emergency Situations“. In this Report, an effort was made to analyze world practices in emergency situation management and present integrated frameworks for risk and business continuity planning. This has produced recommendations for best practice in managing risk and emergency situations both generally and across the road network in particular. 

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has published a Position Paper titled “The European Union’s Role in Promoting the Safety of Cycling” containing proposals for a safety component in a future EU Cycling Strategy, authored by Ellen Townsend. This paper builds on recent calls for the European Commission to come forward with a cycling strategy for the European Union and ETSC supports the need for co-ordinated European action on cycling and welcomes a pan-European strategy. This Position Paper is designed to serve as inspiration for the safety component of such a strategy and will look at initiatives within these different areas of action of relevance to cyclist safety.    pdf5

DEKRA has updated its online tool to track the status of “Vision Zero”, a multinational road traffic safety project demonstrating that hundreds of towns and cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants achieved the target of zero deaths caused by road accidents in at least a single year. 16 of these towns and cities did not see a single death caused by road accidents in the entire period. Overall, the figures show that, far from being an illusion, “vision zero” is attainable in urban habitats and already a reality in many towns and cities. This highlights the need to step up efforts to learn from successful towns and cities, to further improve road safety and get ever closer to achieving the vision – including with regard to serious injuries.    

According to the Hellenic Statistical Authority ELSTAT data, among the 793 persons killed in Greece in 2015: 405 were outside built-up areas and 388 were inside built-up areas. 57% of road fatalities outside built-up area occurred on national roads. More than 80% of road accidents and half of fatalities occurred inside built-up areas. However, accident severity is almost 5 times higher outside built-up areas in total.  pdf5

The Road Safety Institute ‘Panos Mylonas’ with the support of the Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) produced and implemented a video campaign titled “a while ago…” within the Fourth UN Global Road Safety Week, focusing on speed, identified worldwide as a major risk factor of death and disability.  video

More than 50 experts from cities around the world met in Paris, France, on April 20-21 for the first Workshop of the “Safer City Streets” global traffic safety network for liveable cities created by the International Transport Forum with support from the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) in October 2016. Just over six months after its launch, Safer City Streets counts 38 participating cities around the world. The first meeting provided the opportunity to exchange knowledge on road safety policies and learn from other cities’ experiences.

A joint workshop session with POLIS, the European network of cities and regions for sustainable transport, further explored the issue of risk exposure data and addressed collaboration with hospitals to improve knowledge of crashes.   pdf5  NTUA’s presentation concerned:

pdf5 Safer City Streets – Methodological Framework

The 13th PRI World Congress and Exhibition on “Road Governance & its Impact on Road Safety: Achieving UN Decade of Action’s Road Safety Targets“, organised by La Prévention Routière Internationale (PRI) took place with great success in Gammarth, Tunisia, on 3 – 7 May 2017. The aim of the Congress was to: identify dangerous roadside hazards, understand the issues facing pedestrian, bicyclist, motorcyclist, public transport and non-motorized vehicle safety, obtain an understanding of work zones & how they can be made safer, learn how to create a road safety audit team and discuss how to collect data to assess the performance of roads, and how technology can be utilized to enhance operations and safety of roads.      NTUA presentation concerned:

ppt5 ‘Road Safety Investments and Interventions in South East Europe

The Hellenic Association of Driving Instructors organised with great success the 1st International Interdisciplinary Conference on Road Safety and Children in Thessaloniki on 19-21 May 2017. Several results from road accident data analysis and methodologies and modern technologies related to road safety with focus to children were presented.    pdf5  NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Road accidents involving children in Europe and in Greece

ppt5 Problems and solutions for children road safety in developed countries

The Laboratory of Health and Road Safety of the TEI of Crete (LaHeRS) organised with great success a Workshop titled: “Promoting Road Safety Culture” in Heraklion, Crete, Greece on 29 May. Several presentations covered a large spectrum of promoting road safety culture such as research, interventions, promotion programs, targeted actions and good practices. The main conclusion of the Workshop is the need to adopt an holistic approach and to promote interdisciplinary cooperation in promoting road safetypdf5  pdf5  NTUA presentations concerned:

ppt5 Road accidents characteristics and countermeasures

ppt5 The SafeCulture project – Results on safety culture in professional transport in Greece

A Diploma Thesis titled ‘Comparative analysis of young drivers behaviour in normal and simulated conditions in urban roads‘ was presented by Danai Voutsina in March 2017. Data have been selected through an experimental process, in which the participants have driven in real urban conditions and on a driving simulator, while performing different scenarios. By using lognormal regression modelling, the impact of the driving environment, the specific characteristics of each driver as well as the driving style to the average vehicle speed change was investigated. The model application revealed that absolute values of drivers’ traffic performance varies between simulated and real driving conditions. However, speed difference between fast and slow drivers is very much the same at the two driving environments, as is also speed difference between drivers talking and not talking to the co-driver at the two driving environments.  pdf5 ppt5

A paper titled “Time series and support vector machines to predict Powered-Two-Wheeler accident involvement and accident type” co-authored by Athanasios TheofilatosGeorge YannisCostas Antoniou, Antonis Chaziris and Dimitris Sermpis, is now published in Journal of Transportation Safety and Security. This study exploited real-time traffic and weather data from two major urban arterials in the city of Athens, Greece. Due to the high number of candidate variables, a random forest model was applied to reveal the most important variables. Then, the potentially significant variables were used as input to a Bayesian logistic regression model in order to reveal the magnitude of their effect on PTW accident involvement. The results of the analysis suggest that PTWs are more likely to be involved in multi-vehicle accidents than in single-vehicle accidents. It was also indicated that increased traffic flow and variations in speed have a significant influence on PTW accident involvement.  doi

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