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NTUA Road Safety Update - October 2017

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The SafetyCube European Conference on Better Decision Making for Road Safety took place with great success on 22-23 March 2018, in Vienna. The results of the SafetyCube EC Horizons 2020 research project were presented, with special focus on the European Road Safety Decision Support System  (DSS) (www.roadsafety-dss.eu) The SafetyCube DSS is expected to enable policy-makers and stakeholders to select and implement the most appropriate strategies, measures and cost-effective approaches to reduce casualties of all road user types and all severities in Europe and worldwide. More...

Latest Developments

The International Road Traffic and Accident Group (IRTAD) of the International Transport Forum (ITF/OECD) published recently a new Report “Speed and Crash Risk”, with the active contribution of NTUA. After reviewing the current knowledge on the relationship between speed and crash risk, this report analyses eleven cases from ten countries that have recently changed speed limits or introduced a large-scale automatic speed control. The analysis confirms the very strong relationship between speed and crash risk and that higher speed is associated with increased occurrence and severity of road crashes pdf5

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has published the 34th PIN Flash Report “New EU vehicle safety standards essential to reducing child road deaths“. More than 8,000 children aged 0-14 years have been killed in road traffic collisions over the last ten years in the European Union, new data show. Half of the children killed were travelling in cars, a third were walking and 13% were cycling. ETSC says that measures that can reduce speeding are critical to preventing the deaths of more children and is calling for the EU to require vehicle safety technologies such as Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) and Automated Emergency Braking (AEB) that can detect pedestrians and cyclists to be fitted as standard on all new cars. 

VESAFE, the one stop shop for vehicle safety is an e-guide commissioned by the European Commission (DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion) and it has been developed by a consortium made up of TNOTOIKooperationstelleFesvialvhp, and Learnways. Work-related vehicle risks account for 29% of all fatal occupational accidents. However, good practices to avoid and reduce these risks have already been implemented within the member states in the EU. Sharing them can help employers and workers to improve vehicle-related safety. With this interactive e-guide many good practices are provided as well as an overview of relevant regulations and information about safe driving for work, workplace transport safety, and working on or near a road

POLIS, the European cities and regions network for innovative transport solutions released a discussion paper entitled: “Road Vehicle Automation and Cities and Regions”. Polis promotes the discussion about vehicle automation, focusing on the car as opposed to lorries and buses and on ‘personal mobility’ rather than logistics. The aims of this paper are among others: a) to raise awareness of AV developments and their potential mobility and safety impact among city and regional administrations and to assist them in setting transport policies and plans to deal with them and b) to raise awareness of city and regional transport policies among vehicle manufacturers and other automated vehicle players.  pdf5

Statistics Corner

Basic characteristics of road fatalities in Greece for the period 1991-2016 are summarised in a comprehensive Table prepared by the NTUA Road Safety Observatory (data source: ELSTAT). Since 2005, there are approximately 1.000 less road fatalities per year in Greece. According to these time series data a spectacular decrease in road fatalities for young people (70%) and in junctions outside built up areas (72%) is observed during the last decade. On the contrary, fatalities decrease during the last decade is quite limited for cyclists, older drivers, and women drivers. pdf5

Our Publications

UNECE‘s project “UNDA Road Safety Management Capacity Building Project” aims to assist four countries (Albania, Georgia, the Dominican Republic and Viet Nam) in the ECE, ESCAP and ECLAC regions to address their priority road safety needs by improving their national road safety management systems. The Final Road Safety Performance Review Capacity Building Workshop took place with great success in Kachreti, Georgia, on 15-16 February 2018 and was initiated by policy dialogue with national road safety stakeholders on how to use Road Safety Performance Review recommendations to generate road safety actions. The objective was to provide information and best practice for national government officials and other road safety stakeholders (NGO, academia, private sector) from Albania and Georgia. 

NTUA actively contributed with the following presentation: ppt5 Needs and Uses of Road Safety Data within the UN SafeFITS Model

The Department of Methodology in the Behavioural Sciences of the University of Valencia organised the CAMP-sUmp University Campus Sustainable Mobility Conference, co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund of the Interreg MED Programme in Valencia, Spain, on 27 March 2018. Designed to improve sustainable mobility in the Mediterranean area universities’ campus, CAMP-sUmp promotes the advancement of low-carbon strategies and energy efficiency within safe and efficient transport policies. At the CAMP-sUmp Conference the Action Plans and the related Road Maps were presented aiming to support Universities to improve their sustainable mobility plans with emphasis on traffic safety. Presentations were given by the CAMP-sUmp Universities: Catanzaro, Athens, Valencia, Cyprus, Split, Malta and Bologna. 

NTUA actively contributed with the following presentation: ppt5 Studying Sustainable Mobility in University Campuses

Hersonissos Municipality in Crete with the scientific guidance of the Laboratory of Health and Road Safety (LaHeRS) and of NTUA organized a two-day Road Safety Workshop, titled “Life Road” which took place with great success on 2-3 March, 2018. Key national and local decision makers, stakeholders and experts worked on an holistic approach on road behaviour and culture, with several parallel road safety campaigns and activities.  NTUA presentations concerned:

The Greek Operational Research Society (Ε.Ε.Ε.Ε.), the Department of Business and Administration TEI Piraeus and the Piraeus Chamber of Commerce and Industry co-organised the 16th Conference of Operational Research focusing on Multi-Criteria Analysis and Decision Support in Transport, which took place with great success on 15-17 February in Piraeus, Greece.   NTUA actively contributed with two presentations:

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A Diploma Thesis titled “The impact of nighttime driving to driver behavior and safety in cities with the use of driving simulator” was presented by Armira Kontaxi in November 2017. An experimental process on a driving simulator was carried out and regression statistical models were developed to investigate the impact of nighttime driving on the mean speed, on the standard deviation of the mean headway distance and on the mean reaction time and accident probability. The models’ application demonstrated that nighttime driving in urban area leads to an increase of the mean speed, of the standard deviation of the mean headway distance and of the mean reaction time, resulting thus to a significant increase of the accident probabilitypdf5 ppt5

A paper titled “Structural equation model analysis for the evaluation of overall driving performance: A driving simulator study focusing on driver distraction” authored by Panagiotis Papantoniou is now published in Traffic Injury Prevention, Volume 19, 2018 – Issue 3, pp. 317-325. 95 participants from all age groups were asked to drive under different types of distraction (conversation with passenger, cell phone use) in urban and rural road environments with low and high traffic volume in a driving simulator experiment. Then, a structural equation model is developed in which overall driving performance is estimated as a latent variable based on several individual driving simulator measures. The implementation of the structural equation model allows for the assessment of driving behaviour in terms of overall performance and not through individual performance measures, which allows an important scientific step forward from piecemeal analyses to a sound combined analysis of the interrelationship between several risk factors and overall driving performance.. doi

Point of View

The Internet of Things and of Everything is steadily making easily available massive driving and travelling data, which present a very high potential for monitoring driving and travelling behaviour and subsequently provide customized feedback both to the driver/traveller and to the systems managers (public or private), which was never available before. More...

Upcoming Events

The International Transport Forum‘s 2018 Summit on “Transport Safety and Security” will be held on 23 – 25 May 2018 in Leipzig, Germany. Since 2008, the Summit brings together Ministers from around the world to share policy perspectives with CEOs, Heads of International Organisations, thought leaders from civil society and academia, and media. The 2018 edition of this vibrant conference will address strategic and topical transport safety issues, including: Cycling, Pedestrians, Urban Space and Health, Planning and Design, Road Infrastructure Safety Management, Measures Assessment, Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries, Safe Travel for Women. link

The ITF, together with ECTRI, ERTRAC, FERSI, TRB and WCTRS, are holding a Research Day on “Transport Safety and Security” in Leipzig, on Tuesday 22 May 2018, in conjunction with the ITF 2018 Summit. link

The 15th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR) is organized by the WCTRS and the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) and it will take place on 26-31 May, 2019 at Mumbai, India. For the last 40 years, WCTR has been organised every three years by the WCTR Society. The conference aims to bring together academics, practitioners, managers, and policymakers from all parts of the world, to share cutting-edge research and advanced state-of-practice. The conference also includes special sessions, technical tours, an exhibition and social events. This knowledge event provides a unique opportunity for experts to exchange ideas in all areas of transport research including Traffic Safety Analysis and Policy (C4 Special Interest Group).   Abstract submission deadline is set for 6 July 2018.

Road Safety Systems

 

This Road Safety Update aims to support frequently the Greek and the International Road Safety Community with current key road safety knowledge and data, which are gathered, analysed and organised within the research activities of the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens.

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